Index

Deep versus shallow suction of endotracheal tubes in ventilated neonates and young infants
Deferasirox for managing iron overload in people with myelodysplastic syndrome
Deferasirox for managing iron overload in people with thalassaemia
Deferasirox for managing transfusional iron overload in people with sickle cell disease
Defining Cochrane’s success
Deflation of gastric band balloon in pregnancy for improving outcomes
Degarelix for treating advanced hormone-sensitive prostate cancer
Dehumidifiers in the home for asthma
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) for lupus erythematosus
Dehydroepiandrosterone for women in the peri- or postmenopausal phase
Delayed antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory tract infections
Deliberate hypotension for orthopaedic surgery
Delivering clot-busting therapy before reaching hospital or in hospital to help people who are having heart attacks
Delivering the placenta in the third stage of labour
Delivery of nutrition (food) to critically ill adults other than by the person eating and swallowing the food/nutrition
Dementia Awareness Week
Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction
Denosumab for the treatment and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis
Dental cavity liners under tooth-colored resin fillings placed into permanent teeth in the back of the mouth
Dental extractions prior to radiotherapy to the jaws for reducing post-radiotherapy dental complications
Dental filling materials for managing carious lesions in the primary dentition
Dental fillings for the treatment of caries in the primary dentition
Dental hygiene in addition to drug treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication
Depot bromperidol decanoate for schizophrenia
Depot flupenthixol decanoate for schizophrenia or other similar mental illnesses
Depot fluphenazine decanoate and enanthate for schizophrenia
Depot fluspirilene for schizophrenia
Depot haloperidol decanoate for schizophrenia
Depot perphenazine decanoate and enanthate for schizophrenia
Depot pipotiazine palmitate and undecylenate for schizophrenia
Deprescribing of chronic benzodiazepine receptor agonists for insomnia in adults
Depression rating scales for detection of major depression in people with dementia
Desferrioxamine mesylate (desferrioxamine) for managing excess iron levels in the blood of people with thalassaemia who depend on blood transfusions
Design-based methods to influence the completeness of response to self-administered questionnaires
Desipramine for neuropathic pain in adults
Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) for preventing and treating acute bleeds during pregnancy in women with congenital bleeding disorders
Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) for preventing and treating bleeding in people with mild or moderate haemophilia A
Desmopressin for bedwetting in children
Desmopressin for treating nocturia in men with lower urinary tract symptoms
Desmopressin use for reducing the need for blood transfusion for people having an operation
Despite their widespread use, the value of antibiotics in exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial
Detecting recurrent colorectal cancer by testing for blood carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA).
Determining the optimal method of securely closing the base of the appendix during keyhole surgery after removal of the inflamed appendix
Detoxification treatments for opiate dependent adolescents
Development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in people with intermediate hyperglycaemia ('prediabetes')
Developmental care for promoting development and preventing morbidity in preterm infants
Device-modified trabeculectomy for glaucoma
Devices and pressure sources for administration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm neonates
Devices that drain on to the surface of the eye beneath the surface layer to reduce eye pressure in people with or at risk of glaucoma
Devices with safety features for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries in healthcare staff
Deworming school children in low- and middle-income countries
Dexamethasone and peripheral nerve block
Dexmedetomidine and clonidine for long-term sedation during mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients
Dexmedetomidine for analgesia and sedation in newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilation
Dexmedetomidine for prevention of acute pain after abdominal surgery in adults
Dexmedetomidine for procedural sedation in children
Dextropropoxyphene in a single dose taken on its own and also with paracetamol to treat postoperative pain
Diabetes drugs for preventing stroke and other blood vessel disease in people who have had a previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack
Diabetes management in primary care, outpatient and community settings can be improved by interventions targeting health professionals, and organisational interventions that increase continuity of care
Diabetes self-management education and support delivered by mobile health (m-health) interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Diacerein for osteoarthritis
Diagnostic accuracy of Computed Tomography for Appendicitis in Adults
Diagnostic accuracy of different scans following a CT scan for assessing whether pancreatic and periampullary cancer is resectable
Diagnostic accuracy of total serum bile acids or individual bile acids for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in woman claiming pruritus
Diagnostic instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Diagnostic test accuracy and cost-effectiveness of tests for codeletion of chromosomal arms 1p and 19q in people with glioma
Diagnostic test accuracy of jolt accentuation for headache in acute meningitis in the emergency setting
Diagnostic tests for assessing rotator cuff tears in people with shoulder pain for whom surgery is being considered
Dialysate sodium levels for chronic haemodialysis
Dialysate temperature reduction for intradialytic hypotension for people with chronic kidney disease requiring haemodialysis
Dialyser reuse for people with end-stage kidney disease requiring haemodialysis
DianaHealth portal to improve clinical appropriateness of recommendations
Diaphragm compared to diaphragm with spermicide for birth control
Diaphragm pacing systems for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis / motor neuron disease
Diaphragm-triggered non-invasive respiratory support for preventing respiratory failure in preterm infants
Diaries for recovery from critical illness
Diazepam for treating tetanus
Diazepam monotherapy for epilepsy
Diclofenac for pain relief in children
Diclofenac with or without an antiemetic for acute migraine headaches in adults
Diet and exercise interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy
Diet changes for infant colic
Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women carrying excess weight after childbirth
Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years
Diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese children from the age of 6 to 11 years
Diet, physical activity or both for prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its associated complications in people at increased risk
Diet, physical activity, and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obesity in preschool children up to the age of 6 years
Dietary advice by dietitians to lower blood cholesterol can be more effective than advice by doctors, but may not be more effective than self-help resources.
Dietary advice during pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes
Dietary advice for people with schizophrenia
Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk
Dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults
Dietary advice for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults
Dietary changes in the treatment of Ménière's disease or syndrome
Dietary exclusions for improving established atopic eczema in adults and children
Dietary fibre to prevent cardiovascular disease
Dietary flavonoid for preventing colorectal neoplasms
Dietary interventions as complementary therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS)
Dietary interventions for adult cancer survivors
Dietary interventions for lowering cholesterol in dialysis patients
Dietary interventions for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in late life
Dietary interventions for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid life
Dietary interventions for preventing complications in idiopathic hypercalciuria
Dietary interventions for prevention of dementia in people with mild cognitive impairment
Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in children
Dietary interventions for stomach ache with no identifiable cause in children
Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children
Dietary modifications for managing familial hypercholesterolaemia
Dietary patterns for adults with chronic kidney disease
Dietary regulation for 'gestational diabetes'
Dietary supplementation for preventing and treating pressure ulcers
Dietary supplements for chronic gout
Dietary supplements for established atopic eczema in adults and children
Dietary supplements for pain during menstruation
Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression
Dieting to lose weight may lower blood pressure in overweight people with hypertension, but effects are modest and so dieting may not be effective alone.
Diets for inducing and maintaining remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
Diets for primary prevention of gallbladder stones in adults
Differences in effectiveness and adverse effects between different types of progestogens combined with ethinyl oestradiol (combined contraceptive pill)
Different anthracycline derivates for reducing cardiotoxicity in cancer patients
Different antibiotic regimens for treating pregnant women with bacteria in their urine and without symptoms of urinary tract infection
Different antibiotics for community-acquired pneumonia in otherwise healthy children younger than 18 years of age in hospital and outpatient settings
Different antibiotics for group A streptococcal pharyngitis
Different combinations of inhaled steroids and long-acting beta-agonists for chronic asthma (fluticasone/salmeterol versus budesonide/formoterol)
Different communication strategies for disclosing a diagnosis of schizophrenia and related disorders
Different communication strategies for disclosing results of diagnostic prenatal testing
Different devices for airway management in obese patients during general anaesthesia
Different dosage schedules for reducing damage to the heart in people with cancer receiving anthracycline chemotherapy
Different doses and durations of oral steroids for asthma attacks
Different doses of platelet transfusion for preventing bleeding in people with low platelet counts due to treatment-induced bone marrow failure
Different dressings used to protect the central venous catheter site with the aim of reducing the chance of developing a catheter-related infection
Different fluid therapy strategies for sepsis and septic shock
Different follow-up strategies for women after breast cancer treatment
Different formats and timing of educational interventions for surgical patients
Different functional treatment strategies for acute lateral ankle ligament injuries in adults
Different gases for insufflation of the abdominal cavity during key-hole abdominal surgery
Different implants used to fix certain types of hip fractures
Different infusion durations for preventing platinum-induced hearing loss in children with cancer
Different insulin regimens for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Different localization techniques during surgery of non-palpable breast lumps
Different magnesium sulphate regimens given to mothers to prevent preterm labour
Different magnesium sulphate regimens given to women at risk of preterm birth to help protect the baby’s brain and improve long-term outcomes
Different methods and settings for glucose monitoring for women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy
Different methods of cystic duct occlusion in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Different methods of external fixation for treating distal radial fractures in adults
Different methods of manipulation for reducing pulled elbow in young children
Different methods of treating fractures of the shaft of the thigh bone in children and adolescents
Different methods of ventilation (controlling pressure vs volume) for people with acute respiratory failure due to lung injury
Different regimens of intravenous sedatives or hypnotics for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adult patients with depression
Different regimens of penicillin antibiotics given to women routinely for preventing infection after caesarean section
Different stent graft types to repair thoracic aortic aneurysms
Different stent grafts for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms
Different strains of probiotics for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysis
Different strategies for diagnosing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to improve maternal and infant health
Different strategies for using topical corticosteroids for established eczema
Different strategies for using topical corticosteroids in people with eczema
Different surgical approaches to access the infrarenal abdominal aorta during an operation to repair an abdominal aortic aneurysm
Different surgical techniques for treating blockage of the tear duct
Different systemic corticosteroid regimens for the emergency management of acute asthma
Different techniques of blood glucose monitoring in women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and infant health
Different treatments for a squint (deviation of the eye) that occurs within the first six months of life
Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus
Different types of energy source surgical instruments used in key-hole bowel surgery
Different types of implants for reconstructive breast surgery after mastectomy
Different types of intermittent pneumatic compression devices for preventing venous thromboembolism after total hip replacement
Different types of intranasal steroids for chronic rhinosinusitis
Different types of powered toothbrushes for plaque control and healthy gums
Different ways of giving antibiotics to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in people with cystic fibrosis
Different-sized incisions for cataract surgery in people with age-related cataract
Digital interventions for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Digital interventions to improve adherence to maintenance medication in asthma
Digital retinal imaging for diagnosing diabetic retinopathy
Digital tracking, provider decision support systems, and targeted client communication via mobile devices to improve primary health care
Digitalis for treatment of heart failure in patients in sinus rhythm
Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for treating uncomplicated malaria
Dihydrocodeine for detoxification and maintenance treatment in illicit opiate-dependent individuals
Dihydrocodeine in a single dose in the treatment of acute postoperative pain
Dilute versus full-strength formula in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infants
Dimebon for Alzheimer's disease
Dimethyl fumarate (BG-12) first line oral treatment for people with multiple sclerosis
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Dipeptidyl-peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 analogues for prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes mellitus
Diposable nappies for preventing nappy rash in babies and infants.
Dipyridamole for preventing stroke and other vascular events in patients with vascular disease
Dipyrone for the treatment of headaches
Direct (primary) repair for penetrating colon injuries
Direct comparison of two antipsychotics (chlorpromazine versus clotiapine) for treating schizophrenia
Direct electrical current to the brain for language difficulties after stroke 
Direct electrical current to the brain to improve rehabilitation outcomes
Direct factor Xa inhibitors versus low molecular weight heparins or vitamin K antagonists for prevention of venous thromboembolism in elective primary hip or knee replacement or hip fracture repair
Direct injection of corticosteroids into the fetus compared with injection into the mother for improving fetal outcomes when the mother is at risk of preterm birth
Direct oral anticoagulants for prevention of stroke in atrial fibrillation patients with chronic kidney disease
Direct renin inhibitors for preventing the progression of diabetic kidney disease
Direct thrombin inhibitors and factor Xa inhibitors for atrial fibrillation
Direct thrombin inhibitors compared with vitamin K antagonists in people with atrial fibrillation for preventing stroke
Direct versus indirect bonding for bracket placement in orthodontic patients
Direct versus indirect veneer restorations for intrinsic dental stains
Direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C
Directly observing people with TB take their drugs to help them complete their treatment
Director of Cochrane South Africa honoured
Discharge planning from hospital
Disclosing to parents newborn carrier status identified by routine blood spot screening
Discontinuation of epidural analgesia late in labour for reducing the adverse delivery outcomes associated with epidural analgesia
Discontinuation of intravenous oxytocin used to stimulate uterine contractions in the active phase of induced labour
Discounts announced for Latin American Colloquium registrants
Disease management interventions for improving self-management in lower-limb peripheral arterial disease
Disease management programmes for heart failure
Disease modifying immunosuppressant drugs for juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
Disease-modifying drugs for people with a first clinical attack suggestive of multiple sclerosis
Disease-modifying treatments for primary autoimmune haemolytic anaemia
Disposable surgical face masks for preventing surgical wound infection in clean surgery
Dissection versus diathermy for tonsillectomy
Distal aortic perfusion during thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair for prevention of paraplegia
Distraction techniques for schizophrenia
Disulfiram as a medication for the treatment of cocaine dependence
Disulfiram for alcohol use disorder
Diuretic therapy for newborn infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation
Diuretics acting on the distal renal tubule for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung disease
Diuretics effective in lowering blood pressure when given as a second drug
Diuretics for heart failure in adults
Diuretics for people with chronic kidney disease
Diuretics for preventing pre-eclampsia
Diuretics for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Diuretics for the treatment of Ménière's disease or syndrome
Diuretics for transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN)
Diverse strategies for preventing high altitude illness
DNA technology increases pregnancy rate for women on IVF
Do a group of drugs known as monoaminergic agonists help the brain recovery after a severe injury?
Do activity monitors help adults with stroke become more physically active?
Do acupuncture and related therapies help smokers who are trying to quit
Do additional surgical techniques at the lower end of bypasses in the leg improve the chance of the bypass working and saving the leg from amputation?
Do antibiotics prevent surgical site infection after breast cancer surgery?
Do any treatments help people who have successfully quit smoking to avoid starting smoking again?
Do bans on smoking and intensive educational campaigns reduce smoking in public places
Do blood thinner injections given after abdominal surgery further reduce blood clots if continued after discharge from the hospital?
Do burns patients who receive early (within 24 hours) nutritional support have better outcomes than those whose nutritional support is delayed (after 24 hours)?
Do combined inhalers (steroid plus bronchodilator) offer additional benefits or harms in people with COPD compared with the bronchodilator alone?
Do competitions help smokers to quit in the medium to long term?
Do courses aimed at improving the way healthcare professionals communicate with people who have cancer impact on their physical and mental health?
Do diet and physical activity strategies help prevent obesity in children (aged 0 to 18 years)?
Do epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, alone or with chemotherapy, improve outcomes for women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)?
Do exercise interventions help people quit smoking
Do group-based smoking cessation programmes help people to stop smoking?
Do H1 antihistamine tablets or liquids help improve eczema symptoms in people who are already using creams or ointments for their eczema?
Do incentives help keep young people from starting to smoke in the medium to long term?
Do inhaled corticosteroids reduce growth in children with persistent asthma?
Do inhaled steroids increase the risk of pneumonia in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
Do injectable pneumococcal vaccines prevent pneumonia in people with COPD?
Do interventions in families prevent children and adolescents from starting to smoke

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