Index

Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
Early surfactant administration with brief ventilation vs. selective surfactant and continued mechanical ventilation for preterm infants with or at risk for respiratory distress syndrome
Early treatment for early stage multiple myeloma may slow the disease progression but does not appear to improve survival
Early treatment versus expectant management of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus for preterm infants
Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infants
Early use of inhaled corticosteroids in the emergency department treatment of acute asthma
Early versus delayed dressing removal for people with surgical wounds
Early versus delayed erythropoietin for the anaemia of end-stage kidney disease
Early versus delayed feeding for reducing complications after gynaecologic surgery
Early versus delayed feeding through a tube for critically ill adults in intensive care, with or without extra nutrition into a vein
Early versus delayed initiation of continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for people with acute cholecystitis
Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for uncomplicated biliary colic
Early versus delayed mobilisation to prevent further bleeding after spontaneous bleeding on the surface of the brain
Early versus delayed selective surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Early versus late administration of amino acids in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition
Early versus late antiepileptic drug withdrawal for people with epilepsy in remission
Early versus late discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infants
Early versus late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infants
Early versus late hormonal treatment for advanced prostate cancer
Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour
Early versus late intravenous nutrition in critically ill term and late preterm babies
Early versus late ureteric stent removal after kidney transplantation
Early volume expansion for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Early volume expansion versus inotrope for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Easier access to emergency contraception to help women prevent unwanted pregnancy
Easing of bone pain caused by metastatic cancer: single versus multifraction radiotherapy
Eating and drinking in labour
Eating nuts to prevent cardiovascular disease
Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
Economic incentives to enhance safety behaviour in workers for preventing occupational injuries
Economic interventions for prevention of HIV risk and HIV infection
Eculizumab for treating patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Edaravone for acute intracerebral haemorrhage
Edaravone for acute ischaemic stroke
Edaravone for traumatic brain injury
Edinburgh Colloquium 2018: Round-Up
Edinburgh Colloquium schedule sign-up and app are now launched
Editor in Chief discusses the journey to the new Cochrane Library
Editorial peer review for improving the quality of reports of biomedical studies
EDITORS NOTES
Educating healthcare staff to prevent pressure ulcers
Educating people with diabetes about foot care to help reduce foot ulcers and amputations
Education about family planning for women who have just given birth
Education and training for preventing and minimising workplace aggression directed toward healthcare workers
Education and training for preventing sharps injuries and splash exposures in healthcare workers
Education for nursing home staff and/or residents to improve residents' oral health
Education for people with coronary heart disease
Education for the management of cancer-related fatigue
Education interventions for adults who attend the emergency room for acute asthma
Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in infants born preterm
Education of health professionals for preventing diabetic foot ulceration
Education programmes for people with diabetic kidney disease
Education support services for improving school engagement and academic performance of children and adolescents with a chronic health condition
Educational and behavioural interventions to increase the time in the therapeutic range for patients with atrial fibrillation on anticoagulant therapy
Educational benefits of deworming children questioned by re-analysis of flagship study
Educational games for mental health professionals
Educational games to improve health care professional practice and care for patients
Educational interventions for asthma in children
Educational interventions for health professionals managing COPD in primary care
Educational interventions for improving complementary feeding practices
Educational interventions for improving the communication skills of general practice trainees in the clinical consultation
Educational interventions for improving the skills of medical practitioners to detect, diagnose, and manage people with cognitive impairment and dementia
Educational interventions for preventing eye injuries
Educational interventions for preventing lead poisoning in workers
Educational outreach visits to change health care professional care for patients
Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer
EEG for children with complex febrile seizures
EEG neurofeedback for executive functions in children with neurodevelopmental challenges
EEG neurofeedback for inattention in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Effect of administration of antihelminthic for soil-transmitted helminths during pregnancy
Effect of adrenergic agonist oral decongestants on blood pressure
Effect of amphetamines on blood pressure
Effect of antihypertensive drugs on mortality, morbidity and blood pressure in blacks
Effect of applying cricoid pressure during rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia
Effect of atorvastatin on cholesterol
Effect of atorvastatin on testosterone levels
Effect of birth control pills and patches on weight
Effect of birth control pills on acne in women
Effect of cocoa on blood pressure
Effect of cutting down on the saturated fat we eat on our risk of heart disease
Effect of cutting down the amount of fat on bodyweight in children
Effect of cutting down the fat we eat on body weight
Effect of cutting down the fat we eat on body weight
Effect of exchange transfusion on mortality in neonates with septicemia
Effect of high feedback versus low feedback of prenatal ultrasound on maternal anxiety and health behaviour in pregnancy
Effect of immunotherapy on the prognosis for stages I to III non-small cell lung cancer treated with surgery or radiotherapy with curative intent
Effect of lipid-based nutrient supplementation on infants and young children
Effect of methylphenidate for inattentiveness, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity in children aged 6 to 18 years with autistic spectrum disorder
Effect of molecular-targeted therapy on the progress and survival of people in the late stages of stomach cancer
Effect of natural sweetener Xylitol in preventing tooth decay still unproven
Effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines on kidney function in patients with normal kidney function undergoing surgery
Effect of partograph use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term
Effect of periodontal treatments on blood pressure
Effect of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors on blood pressure
Effect of pre-exchange albumin infusion on neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and long-term developmental outcomes
Effect of preventive interventions for malaria on HIV-1 disease progression in non-pregnant adults
Effect of restricted pacifier use on duration of breastfeeding in full-term infants
Effect of return-to-work coordination programmes for workers on sick leave
Effect of taking extra calcium (other than preventing or treating high blood pressure) during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant health
Effect of taurine supplementation on growth and development in preterm or low birth weight infants
Effect of testing for cancer (on cancer and blood clot-related death and illness) in people with unprovoked blood clots in the legs and lungs
Effect of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors on the rate of pre-cancerous lesions in the stomach
Effect of the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus on the development of cognitive impairment and dementia
Effect of the vaginal sponge and the diaphragm in preventing pregnancy
Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on mother and baby outcomes
Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of home-based palliative care services for adults with advanced illness and their caregivers
Effectiveness and safety of devices designed to close femoral artery puncture sites
Effectiveness and safety of first-line tenofovir + emtricitabine + efavirenz for patients with HIV
Effectiveness and safety of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual, injecting-drug-use or other non-occupational exposure.
Effectiveness and safety of inhalers containing the drug aclidinium bromide for managing patients with stable COPD
Effectiveness and safety of switching IBD patients from the originator to the biosimilar infliximab
Effectiveness and safety of topiramate for drug dependents
Effectiveness and safety of two types of tools used in LASIK (a type of refractive surgery) for nearsightedness
Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations
Effectiveness of Copper-containing intra-uterine devices (coil)
Effectiveness of creatine analogues in cardiac disease
Effectiveness of dental auxiliaries performing clinical tasks traditionally provided by a dentist
Effectiveness of dressings and other devices that are used to keep a peripheral venous catheter in place
Effectiveness of EFV compared to NVP in the suppression of HIV infection when used as part of initial three-drug combination
Effectiveness of equivalent schedules of full-dose inactivated poliovirus vaccine injected into muscle compared to a smaller dose injected into skin
Effectiveness of intermediate care in nursing-led in-patient units
Effectiveness of knowledge translation interventions to improve cancer pain management
Effectiveness of paracetamol as a treatment for acute or chronic pain conditions
Effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for reducing parental substance misuse
Effectiveness of staffing models in residential/subacute/extended aged-care settings
Effectiveness of surgery for people with leg or back pain due to symptomatic spinal stenosis
Effectiveness of tools developed and disseminated by guideline producers to improve uptake of their guidelines
Effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) alone in the management of chronic pain
Effectiverness of epidural, subarachnoid and intracerebroventricular opioid drugs to treat patients with pain due to cancer
Effects and safety of long-term use of colchicine on heart disease
Effects and safety of preventive oral iron or iron + folic acid supplementation for women during pregnancy
Effects of a gluten-reduced or gluten-free diet for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
Effects of antihistamines on eczema
Effects of blood pressure lowering drugs given in the first 24 hours of heart attack or stroke
Effects of changing practitioner empathy and patient expectations in healthcare consultations
Effects of delivery arrangements for health systems in low-income countries
Effects of different bearing surface materials on aseptic loosening of total hip arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis and other non-traumatic diseases of the hip.
Effects of exposure to night shift work on cancer risk in workers
Effects of governance arrangements for health systems in low-income countries
Effects of interventions aimed at changing the length of time of consultations between family doctors and patients
Effects of interventions targeting the systemic inflammatory response to cardiac surgery on clinical outcomes in adults
Effects of interventions to reduce waiting times for non-urgent health procedures
Effects of involving parents and other adult caregivers in children's diet and physical activity interventions
Effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) for women during pregnancy
Effects of long-acting beta2-agonists compared with anti-leukotrienes when added to inhaled corticosteroids?
Effects of memory training in healthy older adults and older adults with mild cognitive impairment
Effects of nutritional interventions to increase nutritional status in children living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries
Effects of opioid, hypnotic and sedating medications on obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults with known OSA
Effects of oral stimulation for oral feeding in preterm infants
Effects of perioperative alcohol cessation interventions on postoperative complications following surgery
Effects of personalised care planning for people with long-term conditions
Effects of preventive oral supplementation with iron or iron with folic acid for women following childbirth
Effects of progestin-only birth control on weight
Effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (with or without valve surgery)
Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcomes
Effects of screening for sexually transmitted chlamydia infection
Effects of spinals and epidurals on perioperative death, myocardial infarction and pneumonia: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
Effects of starting antiretroviral therapy within one week of diagnosis on people living with HIV
Effects of systemic immunosuppressive therapies for moderate-to-severe eczema in children and adults
Effects of the duration of androgen deprivation therapy for localized or locally advanced prostate cancer in patients treated with radiotherapy
Effects of training supervisors on employees' stress, absenteeism, and well-being
Effects of turning unborn babies from bottom first to head first at the end of pregnancy (around 36 weeks or more) for reducing problems during childbirth
Effects of using email to coordinate healthcare appointments and attendance reminders
Efficacy and experiences of telephone counselling for informal carers of people with dementia
Efficacy and safety of pertussis vaccination in pregnancy to prevent whooping cough in early infancy
Efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in early breast cancer
Efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in metastatic breast cancer
Efficacy of over the counter (OTC) artificial tears for dry eye syndrome
Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for amphetamine abuse or dependence
Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for cocaine dependence
Efficacy of thalidomide in management of bleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia
eHealth interventions for people with chronic kidney disease
Elections to the Cochrane Consumer Executive open
Elective (regular) versus symptomatic intravenous antibiotic therapy for cystic fibrosis
Elective birth of women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy from 37 weeks' gestation
Elective delivery in diabetic pregnant women
Elective high frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Elective high frequency ventilation compared to conventional mechanical ventilation in the early stabilization of infants with respiratory distress
Elective repeat caesarean section versus induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birth
Electric fans for reducing the health effects of heatwaves
Electrical stimulation for chronic wounds
Electrical stimulation for faecal incontinence in adults
Electrical stimulation for people with spinal cord injury
Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain
Electrical stimulation for restoring normal heart rhythm in those with irregular heart rhythms (atrial fibrillation or flutter)
Electrical stimulation for thigh muscle strengthening before and after knee replacement surgery
Electrical stimulation of nerves with permanently implanted devices for adults with abnormal urine storage or voiding
Electrical stimulation therapy for children with cerebral palsy
Electrical stimulation through implanted electrodes in contact with the brain to treat drug-resistant epilepsy
Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for urinary incontinence in men
Electro-coagulation for liver metastases
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression in elderly people
Electroconvulsive therapy for depression
Electroconvulsive therapy for schizophrenia
Electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia
Electromagnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritis
Electromagnetic therapy (EMT) for treating venous leg ulcers
Electromagnetic therapy for treating pressure ulcers
Electromagnetic treatment for urinary incontinence in adults
Electromechanical-assisted training for improving arm function and disability after stroke
Electronic dental anaesthesia for managing pain during dental procedures
Electronic monitoring and reminding devices for improving adherence to inhaled therapy in patients with asthma
Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection
Electropalatography for articulation disorders associated with cleft palate
Electrostimulation for promoting recovery of movement or functional ability after stroke
Electrosurgical current for endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy (EBS) for the prevention of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis
Electrotherapy for neck pain
Electrotherapy modalities for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
Electrotherapy modalities for lateral elbow pain
Electrotherapy modalities for rotator cuff disease
Elemene in the treatment of lung cancer
Eletriptan for acute migraine headaches in adults
Eletriptan for the treatment of acute migraine in adults
Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury
Eleven Cochrane Reviews inform a World Health Organisation Guideline on digital healthcare
Email used by health professionals to send patients/caregivers information on promoting health and preventing disease
EMBASE project update: 100,000 records screened!
Embolisation therapy for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations
Embracing Diversity at Cochrane Santiago
Embryo freezing for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Emergency action plans for people at risk of anaphylaxis (major allergy)
Emergency cricothyroidotomy for airway management
Emergency endotracheal intubation (placing a tube through the mouth and throat into the lungs) may reduce deaths from acute illness and injury, but more research is necessary.
Emergency interventions for hyperkalaemia
Emergency sclerotherapy is not better than pharmacological therapy for acute variceal bleeding in cirrhosis
Emergency sclerotherapy or band ligation combined with vasoactive drugs for bleeding esophageal varices in cirrhosis
EMG biofeedback for the recovery of motor function after stroke
Emollients and moisturisers for eczema
Emollients for eczema
Empirical antibiotic therapy for neutropenic paediatric oncology patients with fever.
Employment-conditional tax credits for families and their impact on health status in adults
Emtricitabine for adults with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B virus infection
En-bloc resection versus conventional transurethral resection for patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain®) for periodontal tissue regeneration in intrabony defects
Enamel matrix derivative for periodontal regeneration in teeth with furcation involvement
End-of-life care pathways for the dying
Endobronchial brachytherapy as palliative care for people with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer
Endoluminal interventions versus surgical interventions for stenosis in vein grafts following infrainguinal bypass
Endoluminal stents for iliac and infrainguinal arterial disease
Endometrial biomarkers for the non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis
Endometrial injection of embryo culture supernatant for subfertile women in assisted reproduction
Endometrial injury in women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques
Endometrial preparation for egg donor recipients or for frozen embryo transfers
Endometriosis Awareness Month
Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
Endoscopic balloon dilation seems inferior to endoscopic sphincterotomy for common bile duct stone removal
Endoscopic balloon dilation versus botulinum toxin (Botox) injection for managing achalasia, a condition causing difficulty in swallowing
Endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation for open angle glaucoma and primary angle closure
Endoscopic drainage with or without endo-ultrasonography for pancreatic pseudocyst

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