Duration of antibiotic treatment for foot osteomyelitis in people with diabetes
Duration of chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer
Duration of therapy for tuberculosis in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Duration of treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy
Dying Matters Awareness Week
Dynamic exercise programs (aerobic capacity and/or muscle strength training) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Dynamic exercise therapy for rheumatoid arthritis is effective in increasing aerobic capacity, muscle strength and joint mobility and does not increase disease activity, joint damage or pain.
Dysphagia occurs frequently in Parkinson's disease although patients themselves may be unaware of swallowing difficulties. Speech and language therapists in conjunction with nurses and dietiticians use techniques that aim to improve swallowing and reduce
E-health interventions for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions
Ear drops for the removal of ear wax
Earlier compared to later addition of human milk fortifier to human milk to promote growth in preterm infants
Early (less than 30 days after the start of chemotherapy) or late (more than 30 days after the start of chemotherapy) chest radiotherapy for patients suffering from limited small cell lung cancer
Early (started within six days) systemic postnatal corticosteroids for preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants
Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants
Early administration of inhaled corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in very low birth weight preterm neonates
Early amniocentesis versus transabdominal chorion villus sampling for prenatal diagnosis
Early amniotomy and early oxytocin for delay in first stage spontaneous labour compared with routine care
Early and late adverse effects on the kidney after treatment for childhood cancer
Early Bird Colloquium Registration Deadline: July 25
Early bird registration and stipends now open for the Global Evidence Summit
Early bird registration now open for Cochrane Colloquium Santiago
Early birth compared with waiting for birth in babies who are thought to be coping poorly towards the end of pregnancy
Early birth for babies with gastroschisis
Early combination therapy with levodopa and dopamine agonist for preventing motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease
Early compared with delayed oral fluids and food after caesarean section
Early developmental intervention programmes provided post hospital discharge to prevent motor and cognitive impairment in preterm infants
Early discharge of preterm infants from hospital
Early discharge with home support of gavage feeding for stable preterm infants who have not established full oral feeds
Early elbow movement compared to delayed elbow movement after a broken elbow in adults
Early emergency department treatment of acute asthma with systemic corticosteroids
Early erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in preterm or low birth weight infants
Early excision and grafting for burns
Early full enteral feeds for preterm or low birth weight infants
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for increasing functional behaviors and skills in young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Early intervention (movement or active exercise) for critically ill adults in the intensive care unit
Early intervention delivered by parents for young children with autism spectrum disorders
Early intervention delivered by parents to young children with autism spectrum disorder
Early Intervention for psychosis
Early interventions for people at risk of developing psychosis
Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundice
Early introduction of lipids to parenterally-fed preterm infants
Early laparoscopy versus observation for patients with acute abdominal pain
Early lens extraction compared to standard treatment in acute primary angle closure
Early light reduction for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infants
Early nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm infants
Early nutritional therapy for malnourished or nutritionally at-risk adult medical inpatients
Early or delayed removal of gallbladder by key-hole surgery after a sudden episode of gallstone-related pancreatitis
Early or delayed surgical removal of appendix in people with symptomatic complicated appendicitis
Early palliative care for adults with advanced cancer
Early pharmacological interventions for acute traumatic stress symptoms: a network meta-analysis
Early planned removal of umbilical venous catheters to prevent infection in newborn infants
Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infants
Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infants
Early pregnancy screening for identification of undiagnosed pre-existing diabetes to improve maternal and infant health
Early psychological interventions to treat acute traumatic stress symptoms
Early referral to a specialist doctor for people with kidney disease
Early registration for Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh extended until Friday 22 June
Early removal versus expectant management of central venous catheters in newborn infants with bloodstream infection
Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
Early surfactant administration with brief ventilation vs. selective surfactant and continued mechanical ventilation for preterm infants with or at risk for respiratory distress syndrome
Early surgical treatment versus observational management for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2)
Early treatment for early stage multiple myeloma may slow the disease progression but does not appear to improve survival
Early treatment versus expectant management of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Early treatment with blood-thinning drugs for people who have had a stroke
Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infants
Early use of inhaled corticosteroids in the emergency department treatment of acute asthma
Early versus delayed dressing removal for people with surgical wounds
Early versus delayed erythropoietin for the anaemia of end-stage kidney disease
Early versus delayed feeding for reducing complications after gynaecologic surgery
Early versus delayed feeding through a tube for critically ill adults in intensive care, with or without extra nutrition into a vein
Early versus delayed initiation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for respiratory distress in preterm infants
Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for people with acute cholecystitis
Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for uncomplicated biliary colic
Early versus delayed mobilisation to prevent further bleeding after spontaneous bleeding on the surface of the brain
Early versus delayed selective surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Early versus late administration of amino acids in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition
Early versus late antiepileptic drug withdrawal for people with epilepsy in remission
Early versus late discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infants
Early versus late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infants
Early versus late hormonal treatment for advanced prostate cancer
Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour
Early versus late intravenous nutrition in critically ill term and late preterm babies
Early versus late removal of urinary catheter after kidney transplantation
Early versus late ureteric stent removal after kidney transplantation
Early vitrectomy for exogenous endophthalmitis following surgery
Early volume expansion for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Early volume expansion versus inotrope for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Easier access to emergency contraception to help women prevent unwanted pregnancy
Easing of bone pain caused by metastatic cancer: single versus multifraction radiotherapy
Eating and drinking in labour
Eating nuts to prevent cardiovascular disease
Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
Economic incentives to enhance safety behaviour in workers for preventing occupational injuries
Economic interventions for prevention of HIV risk and HIV infection
Eculizumab for treating patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Edaravone for acute intracerebral haemorrhage
Edaravone for acute ischaemic stroke
Edaravone for traumatic brain injury
Edinburgh Colloquium 2018: Round-Up
Edinburgh Colloquium schedule sign-up and app are now launched
Editor in Chief discusses the journey to the new Cochrane Library
Editor in Chief to present on panel about COVID-19 transmission on September 18
Editorial peer review for improving the quality of reports of biomedical studies
Educating healthcare staff to prevent pressure ulcers
Educating people with diabetes about foot care to help reduce foot ulcers and amputations
Education about family planning for women who have just given birth
Education and training for preventing sharps injuries and splash exposures in healthcare workers
Education for nursing home staff and/or residents to improve residents' oral health
Education for people with coronary heart disease
Education for the management of cancer-related fatigue
Education interventions for adults who attend the emergency room for acute asthma
Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in infants born preterm
Education of health professionals for preventing diabetic foot ulceration
Education programmes for people with diabetic kidney disease
Education support services for improving school engagement and academic performance of children and adolescents with a chronic health condition
Educational and behavioural interventions to increase the time in the therapeutic range for patients with atrial fibrillation on anticoagulant therapy
Educational benefits of deworming children questioned by re-analysis of flagship study
Educational games for mental health professionals
Educational games to improve health care professional practice and care for patients
Educational interventions for asthma in children
Educational interventions for health professionals managing people with COPD in primary care
Educational interventions for improving complementary feeding practices
Educational interventions for improving the communication skills of general practice trainees in the clinical consultation
Educational interventions for improving the skills of medical practitioners to detect, diagnose, and manage people with cognitive impairment and dementia
Educational interventions for preventing eye injuries
Educational interventions for promoting stroke literacy in the general public
Educational outreach visits to change health care professional care for patients
Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer
Educational programs and training to prevent lead uptake in workers exposed to lead
EEG for children with complex febrile seizures
EEG neurofeedback for executive functions in children with neurodevelopmental challenges
EEG neurofeedback for inattention in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Effect of adrenergic agonist oral decongestants on blood pressure
Effect of amphetamines on blood pressure
Effect of antihypertensive drugs on mortality, morbidity and blood pressure in blacks
Effect of applying cricoid pressure during rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia
Effect of atorvastatin on cholesterol
Effect of birth control pills and patches on weight
Effect of birth control pills on acne in women
Effect of cocoa on blood pressure
Effect of cutting down on the saturated fat we eat on our risk of heart disease
Effect of cutting down the amount of fat on bodyweight in children
Effect of cutting down the fat we eat on body weight
Effect of cutting down the fat we eat on body weight
Effect of decision-support tools on mobile phones on primary health care
Effect of drugs to treat intestinal worms from contaminated soil in pregnant women
Effect of exchange transfusion on mortality in neonates with septicemia
Effect of high feedback versus low feedback of prenatal ultrasound on maternal anxiety and health behaviour in pregnancy
Effect of immunotherapy on the prognosis for stages I to III non-small cell lung cancer treated with surgery or radiotherapy with curative intent
Effect of lipid-based nutrient supplementation on infants and young children
Effect of methylphenidate for inattentiveness, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity in children aged 6 to 18 years with autistic spectrum disorder
Effect of molecular-targeted therapy on the progress and survival of people in the late stages of stomach cancer
Effect of natural sweetener Xylitol in preventing tooth decay still unproven
Effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines on kidney function in patients with normal kidney function undergoing surgery
Effect of partograph use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term
Effect of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors on blood pressure
Effect of pre-exchange albumin infusion on neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and long-term developmental outcomes
Effect of preventive interventions for malaria on HIV-1 disease progression in non-pregnant adults
Effect of restricted pacifier use on duration of breastfeeding in full-term infants
Effect of return-to-work coordination programmes for workers on sick leave
Effect of taking extra calcium (other than preventing or treating high blood pressure) during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant health
Effect of taurine supplementation on growth and development in preterm or low birth weight infants
Effect of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors on the rate of pre-cancerous lesions in the stomach
Effect of the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus on the development of cognitive impairment and dementia
Effect of the vaginal sponge and the diaphragm in preventing pregnancy
Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on mother and baby outcomes
Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of home-based palliative care services for adults with advanced illness and their caregivers
Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hospital-based specialist palliative care (HSPC) for adults with advanced illness and their unpaid caregivers
Effectiveness and safety of devices designed to close femoral artery puncture sites
Effectiveness and safety of first-line tenofovir + emtricitabine + efavirenz for patients with HIV
Effectiveness and safety of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual, injecting-drug-use or other non-occupational exposure.
Effectiveness and safety of inhalers containing the drug aclidinium bromide for managing patients with stable COPD
Effectiveness and safety of switching IBD patients from the originator to the biosimilar infliximab
Effectiveness and safety of topiramate for drug dependents
Effectiveness and safety of two types of tools used in LASIK (a type of refractive surgery) for nearsightedness
Effectiveness and tolerability of dual and triple combination inhaler therapies compared with each other and varying doses of inhaled corticosteroids in adolescents and adults with asthma: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Effectiveness of angioplasty compared with stenting in atherosclerotic disease of the iliac arteries
Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations
Effectiveness of Copper-containing intra-uterine devices (coil)
Effectiveness of creatine analogues in cardiac disease
Effectiveness of dental auxiliaries performing clinical tasks traditionally provided by a dentist
Effectiveness of dressings and other devices that are used to keep a peripheral venous catheter in place
Effectiveness of EFV compared to NVP in the suppression of HIV infection when used as part of initial three-drug combination
Effectiveness of equivalent schedules of full-dose inactivated poliovirus vaccine injected into muscle compared to a smaller dose injected into skin
Effectiveness of intermediate care in nursing-led in-patient units
Effectiveness of knowledge translation interventions to improve cancer pain management
Effectiveness of paracetamol as a treatment for acute or chronic pain conditions
Effectiveness of social network interventions to support cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention in the management of people with heart disease
Effectiveness of staffing models in residential/subacute/extended aged-care settings
Effectiveness of surgery for people with leg or back pain due to symptomatic spinal stenosis
Effectiveness of tools developed and disseminated by guideline producers to improve uptake of their guidelines
Effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) alone in the management of chronic pain
Effectiverness of epidural, subarachnoid and intracerebroventricular opioid drugs to treat patients with pain due to cancer
Effects and safety of long-term use of colchicine on heart disease
Effects and safety of preventive oral iron or iron + folic acid supplementation for women during pregnancy
Effects of a gluten-reduced or gluten-free diet for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
Effects of additional exercise therapy after a successful vascular intervention for patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease
Effects of antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures after stroke
Effects of antihistamines on eczema
Effects of blood pressure lowering drugs given in the first 24 hours of heart attack or stroke
Effects of changing practitioner empathy and patient expectations in healthcare consultations
Effects of computerised clinical decision support systems (CDSS) on nursing and allied health professional performance and patient outcomes
Effects of delivery arrangements for health systems in low-income countries
Effects of different bearing surface materials on aseptic loosening of total hip arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis and other non-traumatic diseases of the hip.
Effects of exercise training for adult lung transplant recipients
Effects of exposure to night shift work on cancer risk in workers
Effects of governance arrangements for health systems in low-income countries
Effects of hearing protection field attenuation estimation systems and associated training on the level of noise attenuation in workers exposed to noise
Effects of higher versus lower levels of pressure in the lungs at the end of each breath during mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Effects of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes on community rates of HPV-related disease and harms from vaccination
Effects of interventions aimed at changing the length of time of consultations between family doctors and patients
Effects of interventions targeting the systemic inflammatory response to cardiac surgery on clinical outcomes in adults
Effects of interventions to reduce waiting times for non-urgent health procedures
Effects of involving parents and other adult caregivers in children's diet and physical activity interventions
Effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) for women during pregnancy
Effects of long-acting beta2-agonists compared with anti-leukotrienes when added to inhaled corticosteroids?
Effects of memory training in healthy older adults and older adults with mild cognitive impairment
Effects of nutritional interventions to increase nutritional status in children living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries
Effects of opioid, hypnotic and sedating medications on obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults with known OSA
Effects of oral stimulation for oral feeding in preterm infants
Effects of perioperative alcohol cessation interventions on postoperative complications following surgery
Effects of personalised care planning for people with long-term conditions
Effects of policies regulating insurance for drugs
Effects of preventive oral supplementation with iron or iron with folic acid for women following childbirth
Effects of progestin-only birth control on weight
Effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (with or without valve surgery)
Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcomes
Effects of screening for sexually transmitted chlamydia infection
Effects of spinals and epidurals on perioperative death, myocardial infarction and pneumonia: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
Effects of starting antiretroviral therapy within one week of diagnosis on people living with HIV
Effects of systemic immunosuppressive therapies for moderate-to-severe eczema in children and adults
Effects of the duration of androgen deprivation therapy for localized or locally advanced prostate cancer in patients treated with radiotherapy
Effects of training supervisors on employees' stress, absenteeism, and well-being
Effects of turning unborn babies from bottom first to head first at the end of pregnancy (around 36 weeks or more) for reducing problems during childbirth
Effects of using email to coordinate healthcare appointments and attendance reminders
Effects of vitamin D on linear growth and other health outcomes among children under 5 years of age
Efficacy and experiences of telephone counselling for informal carers of people with dementia
Efficacy and safety of pertussis vaccination in pregnancy to prevent whooping cough in early infancy
Efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in early breast cancer
Efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in metastatic breast cancer
Efficacy of over the counter (OTC) artificial tears for dry eye syndrome
Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for amphetamine abuse or dependence
Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for cocaine dependence
Efficacy of thalidomide in management of bleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia
eHealth interventions for people with chronic kidney disease
Eight ways to quit smoking in 2021: video talks through the Cochrane evidence
Elections to the Cochrane Consumer Executive open
Elective (regular) versus symptomatic intravenous antibiotic therapy for cystic fibrosis
Elective birth of women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy from 37 weeks' gestation
Elective delivery in diabetic pregnant women