Index

Endoscopic injection of cyanoacrylate glue versus other endoscopic procedures for acute bleeding gastric varices in people with portal hypertension
Endoscopic intervention for the prevention of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis
Endoscopic interventions for unresectable cholangiocarcinoma
Endoscopic management of ureteric stones and the effect of an indwelling short-term stent
Endoscopic mucosal resection for early stomach cancer
Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography versus intraoperative cholangiography for the diagnosis of common bile duct stones
Endoscopic scoring indices for evaluation of disease activity in Crohn's disease
Endoscopic scoring indices for evaluation of disease activity in ulcerative colitis
Endoscopic therapy and beta-blockers for secondary prevention in adults with cirrhosis and oesophageal varices
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Endoscopic ultrasound versus magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography for the diagnosis of common bile duct stones
Endoscopic versus surgical palliation for malignant distal bile duct obstruction
Endoscopy for the treatment of acute gallstone pancreatitis
Endoscopy or surgery for patients with chronic pancreatitis and dilated pancreatic duct
Endoscopy testing may not be worth the extra cost and discomfort for many people with indigestion where drugs relieve symptoms adequately.
Endothelial keratoplasty versus penetrating keratoplasty for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy
Endothelial progenitor cell capture stents versus drug-eluting stents for angina or acute coronary syndrome
Endothelin inhibitors for advanced prostate cancer
Endothelin receptor antagonists for persistent pulmonary arterial hypertension
Endothelin receptor antagonists for pulmonary arterial hypertension
Endothelin receptor antagonists for subarachnoid hemorrhage
Endotracheal intubation at birth for preventing morbidity and mortality in vigorous, meconium-stained infants born at term
Endotracheal intubation versus face mask for newborns resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation at birth
Endovascular coiling versus neurosurgical clipping for people with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm
Endovascular revascularisation for intermittent claudication (pain in the legs)
Endovascular stents for intermittent claudication
Endovascular therapy versus medical treatment for symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis
Endovascular treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm
Endovascular versus conventional medical treatment for chronic type B aortic dissection (a tear in the lining of the aortic artery)
Endovascular versus conventional medical treatment for uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissection
Endovascular versus conventional open surgical repair for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms
Endovascular versus open surgical endarterectomy for atherosclerotic lesions of the common femoral artery (CFA)
Endovascular versus open surgical repair for complicated chronic type B aortic dissection
Endovenous ablation (radiofrequency and laser) and foam sclerotherapy versus open surgery for varicose veins
Endovenous ablation therapy (laser or radiofrequency) or foam sclerotherapy versus open surgery for the treatment of short saphenous varicose veins
Endovenous thermal ablation for treating venous leg ulcers
Enemas during labour
Energy/protein restriction for high weight-for-height or weight gain during pregnancy
Enhanced crisis planning for serious mental illness
Enhanced glucose control for preventing and treating diabetic neuropathy
Enhanced recovery protocols in people undergoing major surgeries of food pipe (oesophagus), stomach, liver and pancreas
Enhancing GP care for people with unexplained physical symptoms: a review of the evidence
Entecavir for chronic hepatitis B
Entecavir for chronic hepatitis B
Entecavir for patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B virus infection
Entecavir versus other oral antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B
Enteral antibiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in low birthweight or preterm infants
Enteral feeding (tube feeding) in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as motor neuron disease
Enteral iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infants
Enteral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates
Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
Enteral nutrition (liquid feeds) for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Enteral nutritional therapy for treatment of active Crohn's disease
Enteral tube feeding for people with severe dementia
Enteral zinc supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates
Entropy or EEG-based depth of anaesthesia monitoring for adults and children undergoing general anaesthesia
Environmental and behavioural interventions to reduce activity limitation and improve quality of life in older people with visual impairment
Environmental and behavioural modifications for improving food and fluid intake in people with dementia
Environmental enrichment for stroke and other non-progressive brain injury
Environmental interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
Environmental sanitation measures to reduce trachoma transmission
Enzyme replacement therapies for infantile-onset Pompe disease
Enzyme replacement therapy for late-onset Pompe disease
Enzyme replacement therapy for mucopolysaccharidosis type IV (Morquio syndrome)
Enzyme replacement therapy with galsulfase for mucopolysaccharidosis type VI
Enzyme replacement therapy with idursulfase for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome)
Enzyme replacement therapy with laronidase as a treatment for mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I)
Ephedrine for shortening the time to achieve excellent intubation conditions during direct laryngoscopy in adults
Ephedrine treatment for myasthenia gravis, neonatal myasthenia and congenital myasthenic syndromes
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors for metastatic colorectal cancer
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors versus single agent chemotherapy as second-line treatment for non–small-cell lung cancer wild-type or unknown status for EGFR
Epidural analgesia (a form of pain control) for the pain relief following hip and knee replacement
Epidural analgesia compared with systemic opioid-based medicines for people undergoing open abdominal aortic surgery
Epidural analgesia for heart surgery with or without the heart lung machine in adults
Epidural analgesia for postoperative pain after spinal surgery in children
Epidural blood patching for preventing and treating post-dural puncture headache
Epidural catheter replacement and intrathecal catheter techniques for preventing post-dural puncture headache following an inadvertent dural puncture in labour
Epidural local anaesthetics for prevention of postoperative gastrointestinal paralysis, vomiting and pain after abdominal surgery
Epidural therapy for severe pregnancy induced hypertension to reduce morbidity and mortality in the mother and infants
Epidural with intermittent (automated mandatory bolus) versus constant delivery (basal infusion) for maintaining pain relief in childbirth
Epidurals for pain relief in labour
Epinephrine for acute viral bronchiolitis in children less than two years of age
Epinephrine for the resuscitation of apparently stillborn or extremely bradycardic newborn infants
Epinephrine injection versus epinephrine injection and a second endoscopic method in high-risk bleeding ulcers
Episodic therapy for recurrent genital herpes in non-immunocompromized adults
Eplerenone for high blood pressure
Eradication of for iron deficiency
Ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck among office workers
Ergonomic interventions to prevent musculoskeletal disorders among dental care practitioners
Ergonomic positioning or equipment for carpal tunnel syndrome
Erlotinib for advanced non-small cell lung cancer
Erlotinib for advanced pancreatic cancer
Erythrocytapheresis versus phlebotomy for hereditary haemochromatosis
Erythromycin and related macrolides for gastroparesis
Erythromycin for preventing and treating preterm infants with feeding difficulties
Erythromycin for the prevention of chronic lung disease in intubated preterm infants at risk for, or colonized or infected with Ureaplasma urealyticum
Erythromycin prior to endoscopy for acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for anemia in rheumatoid arthritis
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for myelodysplastic syndromes
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for people with chronic heart failure and anaemia
Erythropoietin as an additional treatment with (chemo) radiation therapy for head and neck cancer
Erythropoietin for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion in cardiac surgery
Erythropoietin for preterm infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy
Erythropoietin for term and late preterm infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
Erythropoietin helps people with kidney failure and symptoms from anaemia who are not yet on dialysis
Erythropoietin or darbepoetin for patients with cancer
Erythropoietin with iron supplementation for preoperative anaemia in non-cardiac surgery
Escitalopram versus other antidepressive agents for depression
Eslicarbazepine acetate add-on for drug-resistant focal epilepsy
Eslicarbazepine acetate monotherapy for epilepsy
Essential phospholipids for people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Establishment of a new Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group
Estrogen for schizophrenia
Eszopiclone (Lunesta) for sleep difficulty
Etanercept for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Ethamsylate for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm or very low birth weight infants
Ethanol (alcohol) for preventing preterm birth
Ethosuximide, sodium valproate or lamotrigine for absence seizures in children and adolescents
Etidronate for preventing fractures caused by osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Etomidate for sedating critically ill people during emergency endotracheal intubation
Etrolizumab for the treatment of active ulcerative colitis
Evaluation of follow-up strategies for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer following completion of primary treatment
Evaluation of treatments for vaginal bleeding induced by progestin-only contraceptives
Eversion versus conventional carotid endarterectomy for preventing stroke
Everyone is welcome! Announcing the opening of a wider world for Cochrane
Evidence for the efficacy of piracetam for dementia or cognitive impairment is inadequate for clinical use but sufficient to justify further research
Evidence of efficacy of donepezil for people with mild or moderate vascular cognitive impairment
Evidence of some short-term benefit of nimodipine for people with dementia
Evidence on beneficial or harmful effects of bicyclol for chronic hepatitis C is not found
Evidence on beneficial or harmful effects of bicyclol for chronic hepatitis C is not found
Evidence supporting colchicine for alcoholic, viral, and cryptogenic liver fibrosis/cirrhosis is still lacking
Evidence Synthesis - What is it and why do we need it?
Evidence to establish the beneficial and harmful effects of antacids for preventing oesophagogastric variceal bleeding and bleeding in cirrhotic patients is lacking
Evidence-based psychological interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescents
Examining reference lists to find relevant studies for systematic reviews
Exchange transfusion for neonatal jaundice
Excimer laser versus phakic intraocular lenses for the correction of moderate to high short-sightedness
Excisional surgery versus ablative surgery for ovarian endometriomata
Excisional versus ablative surgery for peritoneal endometriosis
Excitatory amino acid antagonists for acute stroke
Excitatory amino acid inhibiting drugs for traumatic brain injury
Excitatory amino acid inhibitors for traumatic brain injury
Exercise after bariatric surgery for obese adults
Exercise and mobilisation interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome
Exercise as treatment for adults with chronic fatigue syndrome
Exercise for depression
Exercise for diabetic pregnant women
Exercise for dysmenorrhoea
Exercise for fibromyalgia
Exercise for hand osteoarthritis
Exercise for improving balance in older people
Exercise for improving outcomes after osteoporotic spine fracture
Exercise for improving outcomes for women with pre-existing diabetes and their babies
Exercise for Neck Pain
Exercise for older depressed people
Exercise for older patients in hospital
Exercise for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in children and adolescents
Exercise for osteoarthritis of the hip
Exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee
Exercise for overweight or obesity
Exercise for patellar tendinopathy
Exercise for people with haemophilia
Exercise for people with increased cardiovascular risk
Exercise for positive mental health outcomes in adults
Exercise for pregnant women for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus
Exercise for preventing and treating anxiety and depression in children and young people
Exercise for preventing and treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community
Exercise for preventing low bone mass in young males and females
Exercise for reducing falls in people living with and beyond cancer
Exercise for reducing fear of falling in older people living in the community
Exercise for reducing intermittent claudication symptoms
Exercise for rheumatoid arthritis of the hand
Exercise for treating anterior cruciate ligament injuries in combination with collateral ligament and meniscal damage of the knee in adults
Exercise for treating isolated anterior cruciate ligament injuries in adults
Exercise for treating people with diseases of their peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy)
Exercise for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Exercise for vasomotor menopausal symptoms
Exercise for women receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy or both (adjuvant therapy) for breast cancer
Exercise interventions for adults after liver transplantation
Exercise interventions for adults with cancer receiving radiation therapy alone
Exercise interventions for improving activity, participation and quality of life in people with cerebral palsy
Exercise interventions for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in late life
Exercise interventions for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid life
Exercise interventions for men with prostate cancer
Exercise interventions for preventing dementia or delaying cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment
Exercise interventions for shoulder dysfunction in patients treated for head and neck cancer
Exercise interventions for upper-limb dysfunction due to breast cancer
Exercise or other physical activity for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications
Exercise programs for people with dementia
Exercise rehabilitation following intensive care unit discharge for recovery from critical illness
Exercise therapies for preventing or treating aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal symptoms in early breast cancer
Exercise therapy following surgical rotator cuff repair
Exercise therapy for acute non-specific low-back pain
Exercise therapy for adolescents and adults with pain behind or around the kneecap (patellofemoral pain)
Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome (individual patient data)
Exercise therapy for chronic low back pain
Exercise therapy for fatigue in multiple sclerosis
Exercise therapy for older adults with low-back pain
Exercise therapy for patellofemoral pain syndrome
Exercise Therapy for Schizophrenia
Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain
Exercise therapy in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)
Exercise to improve self-esteem in children and young people
Exercise training after lung surgery for people with non-small cell lung cancer
Exercise training before lung surgery in people with non-small cell lung cancer
Exercise training for adult lung transplant recipients
Exercise training for adults with chronic kidney disease
Exercise training for advanced lung cancer
Exercise training for bronchiectasis
Exercise training for dust-related respiratory diseases
Exercise training interventions for people with cancer during cancer treatment before or after surgery
Exercise versus airway clearance techniques for people with cystic fibrosis
Exercise versus no exercise for the occurrence, severity, and duration of acute respiratory infections
Exercise, orthoses and splinting for treating Achilles tendinopathy
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for adult patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for adults after heart valve surgery
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for patients following a heart transplantation
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for patients with atrial fibrillation
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for people with implantable ventricular assist devices
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for people with stable angina
Exercise-based interventions for conservatively or surgically treated anterior cruciate ligament injuries in adults
Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease
Exercise-based rehabilitation in pulmonary hypertension
Exercises for scoliosis in teens
Exercises for the prevention of recurrences of episodes of low-back pain
Exercises of the muscles around the anus with or without biofeedback (aids for knowing when the muscles are contracting) for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults
Exercises, ergonomics and physical therapy for work-related complaints of arm, neck or shoulder
Exhaled nitric oxide to guide asthma treatment for adults
Existing trials, of poor quality, indicate that antibiotic prophylaxis reduces spontaneous bacterial peritonitis among cirrhotic patients with ascites and no gastrointestinal bleeding
Exit interviews to reduce turnover
Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered stents versus bare stents for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in people with liver cirrhosis
Expectant care (waiting) versus surgical treatment for miscarriage
Experiences of conditional and unconditional cash transfers intended for improving health outcomes and health service use: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Exploration of the contralateral side when operating for inguinal hernia in children for detection of bilateral hernation
Explore the Virtual #CochraneSantiago Programme now!
Exposure to the smell and taste of milk to accelerate feeding in preterm infants
Extended discussion of information for informed consent for participation in clinical trials
Extended lymph node resection versus standard resection for pancreatic and peri-ampullary adenocarcinoma
Extended treatment for 72 weeks versus standard treatment for 48 weeks in chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 infected slow responders
Extended versus standard lymph node dissection in patients with bladder cancer undergoing total bladder removal
Extended-release metformin versus immediate-release metformin for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Extended-release methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults
Extent of lymphadenectomy in patients with gastric cancer
External ankle supports may reduce ankle sprains when used in some high-risk recreational activities
External cephalic version for breech presentation before term
External counterpulsation for acute ischaemic stroke

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