External drainage of gallbladder for high-risk surgical patients with acute calculous cholecystitis
External electrical and pharmacological cardioversion for atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardias: a network meta-analysis
External fixation versus conservative treatment for distal radial fractures in adults
Extra calcium in tablets before pregnancy, or in early pregnancy, for preventing high blood pressure complications of pregnancy
Extra calcium to prevent high blood pressure
Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk production
Extra gloves or special types of gloves for preventing sharps injuries in healthcare workers
Extra intravenous fluid given during surgery to prevent nausea and vomiting
Extra-abdominal versus intra-abdominal repair of the uterine incision at caesarean section
Extra-amniotic prostaglandin for induction of labour
Extracorporeal (external to the body) membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for critically ill adults
Extracorporeal blood purification for organophosphorus pesticide poisoning
Extracorporeal blood purification for treating acute paraquat poisoning
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe respiratory failure in newborn infants
Extracorporeal photopheresis for acute graft-versus-host disease after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in paediatric patients
Extracorporeal photopheresis treatment for chronic graft-versus-host disease after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in paediatric patients
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for kidney stones
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the healing and management of venous leg ulcers
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy for peripheral arterial disease
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy for the treatment of erectile dysfunction
Extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass surgery for occlusive carotid artery disease
Extraction of baby canine teeth for correcting poorly aligned adult canine teeth in children
Extracts from the African prune tree (Pygeum africanum) may be able to help relieve urinary symptoms caused by enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia)
Extubation from low-rate intermittent positive airway pressure versus extubation after a trial of endotracheal continuous positive airway pressure in intubated preterm infants
Eye drops made from autologous serum as treatment for dry eye
Eye drug safety: the impact of a Cochrane Review comparing two treatments for macular degeneration
Eye patches for corneal abrasion
Eyeglasses, contact lenses or eye surgery for preventing and treating eye symptoms in computer users
Ezetimibe for primary hypercholesterolemia
Ezetimibe for the prevention of heart disease and death
Face washing promotion for preventing active trachoma
Face-down positioning to improve outcomes following surgery for macular holes
Face-to-face interventions for promoting physical activity
Face-to-face interventions to inform or educate parents about early childhood vaccination
Face-to-face versus remote and web 2.0 interventions for promoting physical activity
Factor Xa inhibitors for acute coronary syndromes
Factors affecting use of nicotine replacement therapy and e-cigarettes in pregnancy
Factors influencing referral to and uptake and attendance of pulmonary rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative evidence synthesis of the experiences of service users, their families, and healthcare providers
Factors that can influence the success of lay health worker programmes for maternal and child health
Factors that impact on recruitment to randomised trials in health care: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Factors that impact on the use of mechanical ventilation weaning protocols in critically ill adults and children: a qualitative evidence-synthesis
Factors that influence acceptance of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for adolescents: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Factors that influence parents' and informal caregivers' acceptance of routine childhood vaccination: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Factors that influence participation in physical activity for anxiety or depression: a synthesis of qualitative evidence
Factors that influence participation in physical activity for people with bipolar disorder: a synthesis of qualitative evidence
Factors that influence the provision of good-quality routine antenatal services: a qualitative evidence synthesis of the views and experiences of maternity care providers
Factors that influence whether healthcare workers follow infection prevention and control guidelines for respiratory infectious diseases
Factors that influence whether healthcare workers follow infection prevention and control guidelines for respiratory infectious diseases
Factors that influence women’s engagement with breastfeeding support: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Falls interventions in multiple sclerosis
Families and Schools Together
Family and parenting interventions in children and adolescents with conduct disorder and delinquency aged 10-17
Family based interventions for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Family Group Decision Making for children at risk of abuse and neglect
Family intervention for schizophrenia
Family interventions for bipolar disorder
Family planning programs for women living with HIV
Family planning with methods based on fertility awareness
Family presence during resuscitation
Family support in reducing morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected persons
Family therapy for asthma in children
Family therapy for attention-deficit disorders in children
Family therapy for autism spectrum disorders
Family therapy for children who have been physically abused
Family therapy for depression
Family therapy for those diagnosed with anorexia nervosa
Family-based alcohol misuse prevention for young people can be effective
Family-based interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Family-based interventions versus standard care for people with schizophrenia
Family-based prevention of youth alcohol use
Family-centred care for hospitalised children aged 0-12 years - an update
Family-centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood well-being by primary healthcare services
Farewell Message from David Tovey
Fast track surgery programmes for abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery
Fast track surgery versus conventional recovery strategies for colorectal surgery
Fast-release versus slow-release carbamazepine as medication for patients with epilepsy
Fast-track interventions of low-dose opioid-based general anaesthesia and early tracheal extubation in adults undergoing cardiac surgery
Fast-Tracked Update: Protective clothes and equipment for healthcare workers to prevent coronavirus and other highly infectious diseases
Fasting for haemostasis in children with gastrointestinal bleeding
Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
FDG PET-CT imaging for pre operative staging in patients with colorectal cancer
Feather versus non-feather bedding for asthma
Feature Review: Parent-only interventions for childhood overweight or obesity in children aged 5 to 11 years
Feature Review: Pre-emptive correction of stenosis of the arteriovenous access for haemodialysis
Feature Review: Probiotics for the prevention antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children
Feature Review: Promoting reintegration and reducing harmful behaviours and lifestyles in street-connected children
Feature Review: Topical treatments for psoriasis of the scalp
Feature Review: Water precautions for prevention of infection in children with ventilation tubes (grommets)
Featured Review: Chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer in the elderly population
Featured Review: Structured telephone support or non-invasive telemonitoring in the management of people with heart failure
Featured Review: Adrenaline and vasopressin for cardiac arrest
Featured Review: Adverse events in people taking macrolide antibiotics versus placebo for any indication
Featured Review: Antioxidants for preventing and reducing muscle soreness after exercise
Featured Review: Aquatic exercise for the treatment of knee and hip osteoarthritis
Featured Review: Are general health checks beneficial?
Featured Review: Assessing the effects of ear drops (or sprays) to remove or aid the removal of ear wax in adults and children
Featured Review: Assessing the effects of interventions on air pollution and health
Featured Review: Asthma education for school staff
Featured Review: Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of doctor‐nurse substitution strategies in primary care
Featured Review: Can people stop smoking by cutting down the amount they smoke first?
Featured Review: Can symptoms and medical examination accurately diagnose COVID-19 disease?
Featured Review: Caregiver-mediated exercises for improving outcomes after stroke
Featured Review: Chronic disease management programmes for adults with asthma
Featured Review: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-acting inhalers
Featured Review: Clinical symptoms, signs and tests for identification of impending and current water-loss dehydration in older people
Featured review: Corticosteroids for treating sepsis
Featured Review: Decision aids to help people who are facing health treatment or screening decisions
Featured Review: Different doses, durations and modes of delivery of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation
Featured Review: Different ways to reduce consumption of sugary drinks
Featured Review: Does delaying cord clamping or using cord milking at birth improve the health of babies born too early?
Featured Review: Drugs for the acute treatment of migraine in children and adolescents
Featured Review: Electric fans during heatwaves
Featured Review: Electromechanical and robot‐assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke
Featured Review: Evidence for the benefits and harms of screening for malignant melanoma
Featured Review: Financial conflicts of interest in systematic reviews
Featured Review: First-line drugs for hypertension
Featured Review: Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents
Featured Review: Follow-up strategies after completion of primary cancer treatment
Featured Review: Fortification of staple foods with zinc for improving zinc status and health outcomes
Featured Review: Home use of devices for cleaning between the teeth
Featured Review: Home-based chemical bleaching of teeth in adults
Featured Review: How safe is it to add regular formoterol to inhaled corticosteroid for adults or children with asthma?
Featured Review: How simple changes to food environments could reduce overconsumption
Featured Review: Imaging with PET during chemotherapy to predict outcome in adults with Hodgkin lymphoma
Featured Review: Immersion in water during labour and birth
Featured Review: Impact of public release of performance data on the behaviour of healthcare consumers and providers
Featured review: Improving access to food in low- and middle-income countries
Featured Review: Improving the implementation of health-promoting policies and practices in workplaces
Featured Review: Incentives for smoking cessation
Featured Review: Incentives for smoking cessation
Featured Review: Individual, family, and school-level interventions targeting multiple risk behaviours in young people
Featured Review: Induction of labour at or beyond 37 weeks’ gestation
Featured Review: Influenza vaccines for preventing acute otitis media in infants and children
Featured Review: Interventions available during pandemics for heavy menstrual bleeding: an overview of Cochrane reviews
Featured Review: Interventions for acute severe asthma attacks in children: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
Featured Review: Interventions for bronchiectasis
Featured Review: Interventions for drug-using offenders
Featured Review: Interventions for improving medication-taking ability and adherence in older adults prescribed multiple medications
Featured Review: Interventions for investigating and identifying the causes of stillbirth
Featured Review: Interventions for patients and caregivers to improve knowledge of sickle cell disease and recognition of its related complications
Featured Review: Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly
Featured Review: Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals
Featured Review: Interventions for rosacea
Featured Review: Interventions for treating wrist fractures (broken wrists) in children
Featured Review: Interventions for unexplained infertility
Featured Review: Interventions to improve the appropriate use of polypharmacy for older people
Featured Review: Interventions to reduce corruption in the health sector
Featured Review: Interventions to reduce Staphylococcus aureus in the management of eczema
Featured Review: Iodine deficiency disorders; fortification of food and condiments
Featured Review: Iron supplementation taken daily for improving health in menstruating women
Featured Review: Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
Featured Review: Medical day hospital care for older people versus alternative forms of care
Featured Review: Mediterranean-style diet for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
Featured Review: Moisturizer for eczema
Featured Review: Multifactorial and multiple component interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
Featured Review: Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
Featured Review: Music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia
Featured Review: Nasal decongestants in monotherapy for the common cold
Featured Review: Nicotine replacement therapy versus control for smoking cessation
Featured Review: Non-clinical interventions for reducing unnecessary caesarean section
Featured Review: Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care
Featured Review: Nutritional interventions for preventing stunting in children living in urban slums
Featured Review: Oral H1 antihistamines as ‘add-on’ therapy to topical treatment for eczema
Featured Review: Oral paracetamol for treatment of acute episodic tension-type headache in adults
Featured Review: Participation in environmental enhancement and conservation activities for health and well-being in adults
Featured Review: Patient-mediated interventions to improve professional practice
Featured Review: Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women
Featured Review: Pharmacological treatments for fatigue associated with palliative care
Featured Review: Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) combined with pyrethroids in insecticide‐treated nets to prevent malaria in Africa
Featured Review: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors for the treatment of ovarian cancer
Featured Review: Population-level interventions in government jurisdictions for dietary sodium reduction
Featured Review: Progestogen for preventing miscarriage
Featured Review: Promoting patient utilisation of cardiac rehabilitation
Featured Review: Psychological interventions for psychosis in adolescents
Featured Review: Psychological interventions to foster resilience in healthcare professionals
Featured Review: Psychological therapies for women who experience intimate partner violence
Featured Review: Psychosocial interventions to support pregnant women to stop smoking
Featured Review: Reducing uncertainties in choosing first-line treatment in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma
Featured Review: Reminiscence Therapy for Dementia
Featured Review: Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults
Featured Review: Saline irrigation for allergic rhinitis
Featured Review: School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents
Featured Review: Standardized formal resuscitation training programmes for reducing mortality and morbidity in newborn infants
Featured Review: Sun protection to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Featured Review: Telephone interventions for managing symptoms in adults with cancer
Featured Review: Three updated Cochrane Reviews assessing the effectiveness of influenza vaccines
Featured Review: Topical benzoyl peroxide for acne
Featured Review: Topical NSAIDs for acute musculoskeletal pain in adults
Featured Review: Treating depression after stroke
Featured Review: Treating school children with drugs to kill soil - transmitted worms
Featured Review: Treatments for hand eczema
Featured review: Uterotonic agents for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
Featured Review: Uterotonic agents for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
Featured Review: Vaccines for preventing herpes zoster in older adults
Featured Review: Vertebroplasty for treating spinal fractures due to osteoporosis
Featured Review: Very early versus delayed mobilisation after stroke
Featured Review: Virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation
Featured review: What are the effects of fluoxetine treatment in overweight or obese adults?
Featured Review: What factors influence the provision of care by skilled birth attendants in low- and middle-income countries?
Featured Review: Workplace interventions for reducing time spent sitting at work
Featured Review: Xylitol sugar supplement for preventing middle ear infection in children
Featured Reviews: August 2016
Febuxostat for treating chronic gout
Fecal microbiota transplantation for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Fecal transplantation for recurrent or refractory Clostridium difficile diarrhea
Feed thickener for infants up to six months of age with gastro-oesophageal reflux
Feedback or biofeedback in addition pelvic floor muscle training for urinary incontinence in women
Feeding by tube into the stomach or intestine versus feeding by mouth for children with cerebral palsy
Feeding interventions for growth and development in infants with cleft lip, cleft palate or cleft lip and palate
Feeding strategies to prevent neonatal SARS-CoV-2 infection in term or late preterm babies born to mothers with confirmed COVID-19
Feeding support in hospitalised adults at risk of undernourishment
Felbamate used with other antiepileptic drugs for drug-resistant focal epilepsy
Female condom for preventing HIV and sexually transmitted infections
Femoral nerve blocks for acute postoperative pain after knee replacement surgery
Fencing which completely encloses all sides of a swimming pool and isolates it from the home is effective in preventing drowning of young children
Fenofibrate for diabetic retinopathy
Fenoldopam for preventing and treating acute kidney injury
Fenoldopam for preventing and treating acute kidney injury
Fentanyl for chronic pain
Fentanyl for neuropathic pain in adults
Fermented milk for hypertension
Fertility and early pregnancy outcomes after treatment for cervical pre-cancer (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia)
Fertility-sparing treatment for atypical endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer
Fetal assessment methods after preterm prelabour rupture of membranes for improving outcomes for mothers and babies
Fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) for fetal monitoring during labour
Fetal fibronectin testing for reducing the risk of preterm birth
Fetal manipulation for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeing
Fetal measurements for guiding the medical management of women with diabetes in pregnancy to improve outcomes for mother and baby
Fetal movement counting for assessment of fetal wellbeing
Fetal pulse oximetry for fetal assessment in labour
Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation for facilitation of tests of the wellbeing of the unborn baby
Feverfew for preventing migraine
Fewer-than-four ports versus four ports for laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Fibarates for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Fiber and bulking agents for the treatment of chronic constipation
Fibrates for patients without established cardiovascular disease
Fibrates for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and stroke
Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundice
Fibrin glue for pilonidal sinus disease
Fibrin glue instillation under skin flaps to prevent seroma-related morbidity following breast and axillary surgery
Fibrin glue versus sutures for conjunctival autografting in primary pterygium surgery
Fibrin sealants have fewer proven benefits than some other technologies designed to reduce the risks associated with transfusions of donated blood
Fibrin-based haemostatic agents for reducing blood loss in adult liver resection
Fibrinogen depleting agents may help to remove blood clots in acute ischaemic stroke
Fibrinolytic therapy for intraventricular hemorrhage in adults
FibroTest, transient elastography method, and combined FibroTest and transient elastography method for diagnosis of severe hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis in adults with chronic hepatitis C
Fighting bad Science in Austria - BMJ Podcast on Medizin-Transparent
Financial arrangements for health systems in low-income countries
Financial conflicts of interests and results, conclusions, and quality of systematic reviews
Financial support for improving health of children from low income families in rich countries