Index

Using antiretroviral medication to prevent transmission of HIV from mother-to-child during breastfeeding
Using biochemical tests to measure placental function and improve pregnancy outcomes
Using computers to self-manage type 2 diabetes
Using condoms consistently reduces sexual transmission of HIV infection
Using de-escalation to prevent violence in aggressive people
Using diet to manage phenylketonuria
Using different statistical formats for presenting health information
Using ear drops to remove impacted ear wax is better than no treatment, but no particular sort of drops can be recommended over any other
Using email for healthcare professionals to contact each other
Using email for patients/caregivers and healthcare professionals to contact each other
Using information and communication-based prompting for patients with serious mental illness
Using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation
Using mupirocin ointment to reduce staphylococcus aureus infection rates in people who are nasal carriers of staphylococcus aureus.
Using oxygen at high pressure (in a compression chamber) for the treatment of broken bones
Using oxygen at high pressure (in a compression chamber) for the treatment of individuals with severe soft tissue infection (necrotizing fasciitis)
Using patient-reported outcome measures to monitor progress among adults with common mental health disorders
Using pharmacological medications for unilateral spatial neglect (USN) after stroke
Using positive expiratory pressure physiotherapy to clear the airways of people with cystic fibrosis
Using psychological treatments to help people manage thalassaemia
Using qualitative evidence to identify factors influencing ICU health carers' use of guidelines to take adults and children off mechanical ventilation
Using samples obtained by bronchoscopy to decide how to treat lung infections in people with cystic fibrosis
Using selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (NRIs) to treat schizophrenia
Using steroids and cyclophosphamide together as a treatment for paraquat poisoning
Using steroids to treat Kawasaki disease
Using technology to rehabilitate children and adolescents with acquired brain injury
Using the combined vaccine for protection of children against measles, mumps and rubella
Using ultrasound to aid diagnosis of patients with a 'blunt' injury to the abdomen
Using wound drains after incisional hernia repair
Ustekinumab and briakinumab for the treatment of active Crohn's disease
Ustekinumab for plaque psoriasis
Uterine artery embolization for symptomatic uterine fibroids
Uterine distension media for outpatient hysteroscopy
Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
Uterine muscle relaxant drugs for threatened miscarriage
Vaccination against a bacterium called pneumococcus for preventing middle ear infection
Vaccination against acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in autumn may reduce the number and severity of attacks during winter
Vaccination for preventing pneumococcal infection in adults
Vaccination for preventing postherpetic neuralgia
Vaccination in pregnancy to prevent pertussis in early infancy
Vaccines against overwhelming blood infection due to pneumococcus bacteria and lung infection (pneumonia) among children less than two years of age
Vaccines for preventing anthrax
Vaccines for preventing anthrax
Vaccines for preventing cutaneous leishmaniasis
Vaccines for preventing dengue infection
Vaccines for preventing diarrhoea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli bacteria
Vaccines for preventing flu in people with asthma
Vaccines for preventing hepatitis B in healthcare workers (an updated protocol)
Vaccines for preventing herpes zoster (shingles) in older adults
Vaccines for preventing infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy children
Vaccines for preventing influenza in multiple sclerosis patients
Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing malaria in the blood phase
Vaccines for preventing malaria in the pre-erythrocytic phase
Vaccines for preventing plague
Vaccines for preventing rotavirus diarrhoea: vaccines in use
Vaccines for preventing seasonal influenza and its complications in people aged 65 or older
Vaccines for preventing severe Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections in people with sickle cell disease
Vaccines for preventing severe salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease
Vaccines for preventing smallpox
Vaccines for preventing the common cold
Vaccines for preventing tick-borne encephalitis
Vaccines for preventing typhoid fever
Vaccines for prevention of HIV infection
Vaccines for women to prevent tetanus in newborn babies
Vaccines to prevent influenza in healthy adults
Vacuum extraction versus forceps for assisted vaginal delivery
Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections (excluding group B streptococcal and HIV)
Vaginal cleansing with antiseptic solution before cesarean delivery to reduce post-cesarean infections
Vaginal dilator therapy for women receiving pelvic radiotherapy
Vaginal dilators and intercourse are useful for alleviating post-radiotherapy vaginal problems, but more evidence is required to assess oestrogens and benzydamine
Vaginal disinfection for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Vaginal misoprostol is effective in inducing labour but more research is needed on safety
Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at term
Vaginal weights for training the pelvic floor muscles to treat urinary incontinence in women
Vagus nerve stimulation for partial seizures
Valacyclovir compared with acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster ophthalmicus in people with an otherwise normal immune system
Valerian for anxiety disorders
Valproate for acutre mood episodes in bipolar disorder
Valproate for keeping people with bipolar disorder well, after mood episodes
Valproate for preventing migraine attacks in adults
Valproate for schizophrenia
Valproic acid and sodium valproate for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia
Vancomycin for prophylaxis against sepsis in preterm neonates
Vapocoolants (cold spray) for pain treatment during intravenous cannulation
Varicella and influenza vaccines may reduce morbidity in patients with blood cancers
Varying the timing or the volume of intravenous fluids given to people with uncontrolled bleeding due to injury
Vascular access specialist teams for insertion of and prevention of vascular access device failure
Vascular access type for patients on chronic haemodialysis
Vasectomy methods for birth control in men
Vasoactive drugs for acute stroke
Vasodilators and vasoactive substances for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss
Vasodilators for treating intrauterine growth restriction
Vasodilators in women undergoing fertility treatment
Vasopressin and its analogues for the treatment of refractory hypotension in neonates
Vasopressors for hypotensive shock
Vector and reservoir control for preventing leishmaniasis
Vedolizumab for induction and maintenance of remission in Crohn’s disease
Vedolizumab for the treatment of active and inactive ulcerative colitis
Velnacrine is not beneficial for people with Alzheimer's disease
Vena caval filters for the prevention of pulmonary embolism
Venepuncture versus heel lance for blood sampling in term neonates
Venlafaxine for neuropathic pain in adults
Venlafaxine versus other anti-depressive agents for depression
Venous blood clot prevention in people undergoing lower limb amputation
Venous cutdown versus the Seldinger technique for placement of totally implantable venous access ports
Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis for acute spinal cord injury patients
Ventriculo-peritoneal shunting devices for hydrocephalus
Vertebroplasty for treating spinal fractures due to osteoporosis
Very early discharge versus early discharge versus non-early discharge in children with cancer and fever during neutropenia
Very early versus delayed mobilisation after stroke
Very tight versus tight control for diabetes in pregnancy
Vesicular monoamine transporter inhibitors versus placebo for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Vestibular rehabilitation to improve dizziness, balance and mobility in patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction
Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate trace
Video feedback for improving parental sensitivity and attachment
Video games for schizophrenia
Video-assisted chest surgery may be more effective than chest tube drainage for the lung complication pleural empyema
Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy versus open thoracotomy conventional lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer
Videolaryngoscopes to guide the insertion of breathing tubes in adult surgical patients
Vigabatrin for refractory partial epilepsy
Vigabatrin versus carbamazepine monotherapy for epilepsy
Vilanterol and fluticasone furoate for chronic asthma in adults and children
Vilazodone for major depressive disorder in adults
Vinpocetine for acute ischaemic stroke
Virtual patient simulations for health professional education
Virtual reality environments for health professional education
Virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation
Virtual reality needs to be explored to show its effects for treatment of schizophrenia
Virtual reality simulation for reducing pain in children
Virtual reality simulators for training in gastrointestinal endoscopy
Virtual reality technology as a useful tool for rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease
Virtual reality training for improving the skills needed for performing surgery of the ear, nose or throat
Virtual reality training for supplementing standard training in surgical trainees with limited prior laparoscopic experience
Viscosupplementation for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
Vision screening of older drivers to prevent road traffic injuries and deaths
Vision screening programmes for amblyopia (lazy eye)
Vitamin A creams and lotions for nappy (diaper) rash
Vitamin A for measles in children
Vitamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children
Vitamin A for preventing acute lower respiratory tract infections in children up to seven years of age
Vitamin A for preventing blindness in children with measles
Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy
Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn health outcomes
Vitamin A supplementation for infants one to six months of age for preventing death and illnesses
Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women
Vitamin A supplementation for preventing disease and death in children aged six months to five years
Vitamin A supplementation to prevent deaths and short- and long-term illness in very low birth weight infants
Vitamin A supplements for reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in late life
Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid life
Vitamin and mineral supplementation for prevention of dementia or delaying cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment
Vitamin B and its derivatives for diabetic kidney disease
Vitamin B for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Vitamin B for treating disorders of the peripheral nerves
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) supplementation in pregnancy or labour for maternal and neonatal outcomes
Vitamin B6 and magnesium in combination for children with autism spectrum disorder
Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy
Vitamin C for asthma and exercise-induced breathlessness
Vitamin C for Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease (hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy)
Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia
Vitamin C for preventing and treating tetanus
Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold
Vitamin C for preventing complex regional pain syndrome (type I) after wrist fractures in adults
Vitamin C for treating atrial fibrillation
Vitamin C supplementation for asthma
Vitamin C supplementation for prevention and treatment of pneumonia
Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy
Vitamin C supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease
Vitamin D and related vitamin D compounds for preventing fractures resulting from osteoporosis in older people
Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease not requiring dialysis
Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
Vitamin D for improving bone density in children
Vitamin D for preventing cardiovascular disease
Vitamin D for the management of multiple sclerosis
Vitamin D for the treatment of chronic painful conditions in adults
Vitamin D for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
Vitamin D supplementation for chronic liver diseases
Vitamin D supplementation for obese adults undergoing bariatric surgery
Vitamin D supplementation for overweight or obese adults
Vitamin D supplementation for preventing infections in children under five
Vitamin D supplementation for preventing recurrent stroke and vascular events in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack
Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of cancer in adults 
Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults
Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of vitamin D deficiency in preterm and low birth weight infants
Vitamin D supplementation for sickle cell disease
Vitamin D supplementation for term breastfed infants to prevent vitamin D deficiency and improve bone health
Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
Vitamin D supplementation in infancy for improving bone density
Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy
Vitamin D to prevent asthma attacks
Vitamin D with or without calcium for treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Vitamin D, calcium or a combination of vitamin D and calcium for the treatment of nutritional rickets in children
Vitamin E for intermittent claudication
Vitamin E for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Vitamin E supplementation for adults with diabetes mellitus
Vitamin E supplementation for preventing recurrent stroke and other vascular events in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack
Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Vitamin E supplementation in people with cystic fibrosis
Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy
Vitamin K antagonists or low-molecular-weight heparin for long term treatment of symptomatic blood clots
Vitamin K antagonists versus antiplatelet therapy after transient ischaemic attack or minor ischaemic stroke of presumed arterial origin
Vitamin K for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women
Vitamin K for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in people with acute or chronic liver diseases
Vitamin K prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage
Vitamin K supplementation during pregnancy for improving outcomes
Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis
Vitamin K supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease
Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage
Vitamins and minerals for subfertility in women
Vitamins and minerals for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced breathlessness
Vitamins for epilepsy
Vitamins while pregnant: healthy or unnecessary?
Vitex agnus castus for premenstrual syndrome
Vitrectomy for idiopathic macular hole
Vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling versus vitrectomy with no peeling for idiopathic full-thickness macular hole (FTMH)
Vitrification in comparison to slow freezing for egg cryopreservation in women undergoing assisted reproduction
Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) programs are used to support persons with multiple sclerosis ( MS) on their entering or returning to work
Vocational rehabilitation for acquired brain injury in adults
Vocational rehabilitation for helping workers return to work after injuring their fingers, hand, or arm
Vocational rehabilitation for people with severe mental illness
Vortioxetine for the treatment of depression in adults
Vox reports on the 'worm wars'
Walking for hypertension
Ward and organisational practices to recognise and manage patient deterioration in hospital
Ward reduction without general anaesthesia versus reduction and repair under general anaesthesia for gastroschisis in newborn infants
Warfarin initiation nomograms of 5 mg and 10 mg for venous thromboembolism
Warfarin is the most efficacious agent for prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation
Warm versus cold blood, and any blood versus crystalloid, cardioplegia in adults undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass
Warmed fluids for preventing hypothermia during operations
Watchful waiting versus surgical operation for asymptomatic hernia
Water fluoridation to prevent tooth decay
Water infusion versus air insufflation for colonoscopy
Water precautions for prevention of infection in children with ventilation tubes (grommets)
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions: effects on child development in low- and middle-income countries
Water-based exercise training for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Water-based exercises for improving activities of daily living after stroke
Wavefront excimer laser refractive surgery for adults with refractive errors
Ways of communicating to a woman that she has breast cancer
Ways of helping children with cancer to take part in decisions about their health care
Ways of improving communication with children and adolescents about their cancer
Ways of improving older patients' involvement in their primary care
Ways of keeping enough jaw bone to allow for dental implants after teeth have been taken out
Ways to encourage workers to wear protective equipment to stop them breathing in harmful substances
Ways to help people follow prescribed medicines
Ways to help people stop using smokeless tobacco (including chewing tobacco, snuff and snus)
Ways to help turn a breech baby to head first presentation at the end of pregnancy
Ways to improve use of hormonal birth control
Ways to increase use of non-hormonal long-acting birth control

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