Index

Surgery or radiosurgery for solitary brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer
Surgery or radiotherapy for early cervical cancer of the adenocarcinoma type
Surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy versus surgery alone for stage II endometrial cancer
Surgery to improve vision in people with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)
Surgery to remove cataracts after vitrectomy
Surgery to remove tumour so that it is not visible with the naked eye prolongs survival in women with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer
Surgery to the inferior turbinate (lining of the nose) in order to relieve nose block in allergic rhinitis after failed medical treatment
Surgery versus antimicrobials for atypical mycobacterial lymphadenitis of the head and neck
Surgery versus conservative treatment for acute ankle sprains in adults
Surgery versus conservative treatment to repair knee anterior cruciate ligament tears (ruptures) in adults
Surgery versus endoscopic therapies for early oesophageal cancer in Barrett's oesophagus
Surgery versus IVF or expectant management for women with tubal infertility
Surgery versus medical therapy for heavy menstrual bleeding
Surgery versus medication for treating acid reflux in brain-damaged children having a feeding tube inserted
Surgery versus non-surgical interventions (voice therapy, medical treatment) for the resolution of vocal cord nodules
Surgery versus non-surgical management for unilateral ureteric-pelvic junction obstruction in newborns and infants less than two years of age
Surgery versus non-surgical treatment for bronchiectasis
Surgery versus observation for people with abdominal injury
Surgery versus primary endocrine therapy for elderly women with operable primary breast cancer
Surgery versus sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicose veins
Surgery versus stereotactic radiotherapy for people with single or solitary brain metastasis
Surgery versus surveillance for asymptomatic (mild) primary hyperparathyroidism in adults 50 years or older
Surgery versus thrombolysis for the initial management of acute limb ischaemia
Surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation
Surgical and medical interventions for abdominal aortic graft infections
Surgical and non-surgical interventions used primarily for snoring
Surgical and non-surgical methods of cleaning and removing dead tissue from sores on the feet of people with diabetes.
Surgical and radiological interventions for treating symptomatic extracranial cervical artery dissection
Surgical approach to hysterectomy for benign gynaecological diseases
Surgical approaches for dislocations of the neck bones
Surgical approaches for inserting hemiarthroplasty of the hip
Surgical approaches in total knee arthroplasty
Surgical closure of the lining of the abdominal cavity versus no closure for reducing wound complications after operations unrelated to childbirth
Surgical decompression for cerebral oedema in acute ischaemic stroke
Surgical excision margins for primary cutaneous melanoma
Surgical fixation methods for treating tibial plateau fractures (breaks in the top end of the shin bone) in adults
Surgical hand antisepsis to reduce surgical site infection
Surgical interventions for childhood glaucoma
Surgical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps
Surgical interventions for entrapment and compression of the tibial and deep peroneal nerves including tarsal tunnel syndrome
Surgical interventions for infantile nystagmus syndrome
Surgical interventions for nystagmus developing in the first year of life
Surgical interventions for pharyngeal pouch
Surgical interventions for post-traumatic anterior shoulder instability in adults
Surgical interventions for pterygium
Surgical interventions for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Surgical interventions for symptomatic mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis
Surgical interventions for the management of chronic groin pain after hernia repair (postherniorrhaphy inguinodynia) in adults
Surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain in women
Surgical interventions for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability
Surgical interventions for treating acute Achilles tendon ruptures
Surgical interventions for treating distal humeral fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating distal tibial fractures (breaks of the lower end of the shin bone) in adults
Surgical interventions for treating extra-articular fractures of the second, third, fourth or fifth metacarpals in adults
Surgical interventions for treating extracapsular hip fractures in adults: a network meta-analysis
Surgical interventions for treating fractures and non-union of the collarbone
Surgical interventions for treating fractures of the olecranon (an elbow bone) in adults
Surgical interventions for treating humeral shaft fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating intracapsular hip fractures in adults: a network meta-analysis
Surgical interventions for treating meniscal injuries of the knee in adults
Surgical interventions for treating multidrug and extensively-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis
Surgical interventions for treating patellar dislocation and instability
Surgical interventions for treating radial head fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) fracture dislocations
Surgical interventions for type II superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions
Surgical management of localised renal cell carcinoma
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of Perthes disease
Surgical methods to decrease blood loss during liver surgery
Surgical operation for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
Surgical operations for winging of the shoulder blade in muscular dystrophy
Surgical procedures for accelerating orthodontic treatment
Surgical procedures to evacuate incomplete miscarriage
Surgical release of tongue-tie for the treatment of tongue-tie in young babies
Surgical removal of bony wall or orbital fat for thyroid eye disease
Surgical removal of choroidal neovascularisation in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Surgical removal of fibroids does not improve fertility outcomes
Surgical removal of part of the pancreas and other tissues versus other treatments for patients with pancreatic cancer which invades the surrounding structures
Surgical removal of the thymus for myasthenia gravis that is not caused by a tumour of the thymus
Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis
Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) with coblation or another surgical method
Surgical removal of the womb and fallopian tubes compared to surgical removal of the womb without fallopian tubes for ovarian cancer prevention
Surgical removal of underarm lymph nodes in breast cancer
Surgical removal versus retention for the management of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth
Surgical repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms
Surgical repair versus non-surgical management of spontaneous perineal tears
Surgical resection versus liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma
Surgical sampling or removal of low-grade glioma brain tumors
Surgical shunts versus radiologic shunt for variceal haemorrhage in people with chronic disease of the liver
Surgical technique for Parkinson's disease (PD)
Surgical techniques for autologous bone harvesting from the iliac crest in adults
Surgical techniques for fixing extracapsular hip fractures in adults
Surgical techniques for preventing and treating arm swelling from lymphoedema after breast cancer treatment
Surgical techniques for the removal of mandibular wisdom teeth
Surgical techniques involving the uterus at caesarean section
Surgical tissue adhesives for the preventing pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery
Surgical treatment (shunts compared with devascularisation) for preventing variceal rebleeding due to schistosomiasis of the liver and spleen
Surgical treatment compared to non-surgical treatment (braces, exercise, or observation) for teens with idiopathic scoliosis
Surgical treatment for advanced stage of avascular necrosis of the femoral head in adults
Surgical treatment for cataract caused by aging changes in the lens which reduce its transparency and leads to visual impairment
Surgical treatment for difficulty emptying the bladder due to disco-ordination between bladder and sphincter muscle in adults with neurogenic bladder
Surgical treatment for forearm fractures in children (fractures involving the shafts of the radius and ulna)
Surgical treatment for meniscal injuries of the knee in adults
Surgical treatment for tubal disease in women due to undergo in vitro fertilisation
Surgical treatment of stage IA2 cervical cancer
Surgical treatment options (microfracture, drilling, mosaicplasty, and allograft transplantation) for cartilage injuries of the knee in adults
Surgical treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome
Surgical treatments for oral cavity (mouth) and oropharyngeal (throat) cancers
Surgical treatments for pectus excavatum
Surgical treatments for vertical eye misalignment (strabismus) in superior oblique palsy
Surgical versus conservative for treatment for acromioclavicular dislocations of the shoulder in adults
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating acute scaphoid fractures in adults
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating anterior cruciate ligament injuries
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating broken collarbones in adolescents and adults
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating meniscal tears of the knee in adults
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating tibial shaft fractures in adults
Surgical versus conservative management for an odontoid fracture (a serious neck injury)
Surgical versus conservative treatment for ankle fractures in adults
Surgical versus endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones
Surgical versus medical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps
Surgical versus medical treatment of refractory ascites
Surgical versus medical treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Surgical versus non-surgical interventions for treating humeral shaft fractures in adults
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment after kneecap dislocation
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for acute anterior shoulder dislocation
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for pus in the space around the lungs
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological deficit
Surgical versus nonsurgical interventions for flail chest (ribs with more than one fracture)
Suturing versus alternative closure techniques for repair of episiotomy or second degree perineal tears
Swallowing exercises for affecting swallowing after treatment in people with advanced-stage head and neck cancers
Swallowing therapy for difficulties with swallowing in stroke survivors who have had a recent stroke
Sweet potato for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sweet taste to ease injection needle pain in children aged one to 16 years
Sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related pain in infants up to one year of age
Swimming training for asthma in children and adolescents aged 18 years and under
Switching antipsychotic for non response in schizophrenia
Symphysiotomy for feto-pelvic disproportion
Symphysis-fundal height measurement in pregnancy
Symposium on using qualitative evidence to inform decisions in the SDG era – 9-11 October 2019, Brasilia, Brazil
Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV
Symptom- and chest-radiography screening for active pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-negative adults and adults with unknown HIV status
Symptoms, ultrasound imaging and biochemical markers alone or in combination for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer in women with symptoms suspicious of ovarian cancer
Synchronised mechanical ventilation for respiratory support in newborn infants
Synthetic human growth hormone for treating X-linked hypophosphatemia (or Vitamin D resistant rickets) in children
Synthetic surfactant for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Systematic review of lipid emulsions for intravenous nutrition in preterm infants.
Systematic review of lipid emulsions for intravenous nutrition in term and late preterm infants.
Systematic review of randomised controlled trials about the efficacy and safety of colchicine in people with pericarditis
Systematic risk assessment (screening) for preventing cardiovascular disease
Systematic screening and assessment of psychosocial well-being and care needs of people with cancer
Systemic (oral or injected) medicines for psoriasis
Systemic (whole body) safety of bevacizumab versus ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Systemic administration of local anesthetic agents to relieve neuropathic pain
Systemic and topical antibiotics for chronic rhinosinusitis
Systemic antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing infectious complications in maxillofacial trauma surgery
Systemic antibiotics as adjunctive treatment for chronic periodontitis
Systemic antibiotics for chronic rhinosinusitis in adults
Systemic antibiotics for chronic suppurative otitis media
Systemic antibiotics for chronically discharging ears with underlying eardrum perforations
Systemic antibiotics for treating malignant wounds
Systemic antifungal drugs for invasive fungal infection in preterm infants
Systemic chemotherapy for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma
Systemic corticosteroids for acute gout
Systemic corticosteroids for improving symptoms in children with acute middle ear infection
Systemic corticosteroids for radicular and non-radicular low back pain
Systemic drugs for the prevention of chronic pain after surgery
Systemic interventions for recurrent aphthous stomatitis (mouth ulcers)
Systemic interventions for severe atopic and vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children and young people up to the age of 16 years
Systemic interventions for treatment of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and SJS/TEN overlap syndrome
Systemic nutritional interventions for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes
Systemic retinoids for ichthyosis in children
Systemic steroids versus placebo for acute wheeze in preschool aged children
Systemic therapies for preventing or treating aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal symptoms in early breast cancer
Systemic treatment for blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in children
Systemic treatments (tablets or injections) taken for metastatic melanoma (expanded from its starting point to other parts of the body)
Systemic treatments for eczema: a network meta-analysis
Systems for routine surveillance in people with diabetes mellitus
T-cell antibodies for immunosuppression after heart transplantation
T-tube drainage versus no T-tube drainage after open common bile duct exploration
T-tube drainage versus primary closure after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration
Tacrine for Alzheimer's disease
Tacrolimus for induction therapy in active Crohn's disease
Tacrolimus for treatment of active treatment resistant ulcerative colitis
Tacrolimus is superior to cyclosporin in improving graft survival and preventing acute rejection after kidney transplantation, but increases post-transplant diabetes and other side effects
Tacrolimus is superior to cyclosporin in improving patient survival, graft survival, and in preventing acute rejection after liver transplantation, but increases post-transplant diabetes
Tacrolimus versus cyclosporin for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant recipients
Tafenoquine for preventing relapse in people with vivax malaria
Tai Chi for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Tai Chi for hypertension
Tai Chi for improving recovery after stroke
Tai Chi for people with rheumatoid arthritis
Tai chi for schizophrenia
Tai Chi for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Tai Chi to prevent cardiovascular disease
Tailored interventions based on sputum eosinophils versus clinical symptoms for asthma in children and adults
Tailored interventions to address identified determinants of practice
Tailoring asthma interventions based on exhaled nitric oxide
Taking myo-inositol as a dietary supplement during pregnancy to prevent the development of gestational diabetes
Taking traditional Chinese medication (TCM) orally for adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO)
Taking vitamin supplements may slow down the progression of a common eye disease
Taking vitamin supplements will not prevent a common eye disease
Talampanel as add-on therapy for the treatment of refractory partial epilepsy
Talking therapies and physical therapies for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a review of the evidence
Talking therapy for the management of mental health in low- and middle-income countries affected by mass human tragedy
Tamiflu and Relenza: getting the full evidence picture
Tamoxifen can increase 10-year survival rates for women with ER-positive breast cancers
Tamoxifen does not improve survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Tamoxifen or letrozole versus standard methods for women with breast cancer who freeze egg cells or embryos
Tamoxifen treatment after surgical treatment of pre-cancerous lesions of the breast
Tamponade in surgery for retinal detachment associated with proliferative vitreoretinopathy
Tamsulosin for benign prostatic hyperplasia
TAP blocks (nerve blocks) for analgesia after abdominal surgery
Tapentadol for chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults
Taping across the knee cap for adults with persistent pain at the front of the knee (patellofemoral pain)
Taping for knee osteoarthritis
Target of rapamycin inhibitors (TOR-I; sirolimus and everolimus) for primary immunosuppression in kidney transplant recipients
Target of rapamycin inhibitors (TORi) as maintenance immunosuppression for kidney transplant recipients
Targeted drug therapy for advanced kidney cancer
Targeted interventions and approaches to care for people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and at least one other long-term condition: a mixed methods review
Targeted mass media interventions to encourage healthier behaviours in adult, ethnic minorities
Targeted or adjustable versus standard diet fortification for growth and development in very low birth weight infants receiving human milk
Targeted therapy for advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer
Targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma
Targeting intensive glycaemic control versus targeting conventional glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Targeting lower or higher oxygen levels in preterm infants
Targeting the strain of bacteria that causes ulcers may help prevent stomach cancer
Tartrazine exclusion for allergic asthma
Task-oriented intervention for children with developmental co-ordination disorder
TaskExchange: a new hub for Cochrane Consumers
Taxane chemotherapy before or after anthracycline chemotherapy in early breast cancer
Taxane monotherapy regimens for the treatment of recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer
Taxane platinum combination chemotherapy versus single agent platinum for the first line treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer
Taxane schedules for non-small cell lung cancer
Taxane-containing chemotherapy for women after surgery for early breast cancer
Taxane-containing regimens for metastatic breast cancer
Taxanes for advanced non-small cell lung cancer
Taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages for reducing their consumption and preventing obesity or other adverse health outcomes
Taxation of the fat content of foods for reducing their consumption and preventing obesity or other adverse health outcomes
Taxation of unprocessed sugar or sugar-added foods for reducing their consumption and preventing obesity or other adverse health outcomes
Tea tree oil for Demodex blepharitis
Teaching children in schools about sexual abuse may help them report abuse
Teaching critical appraisal skills in healthcare settings
Teaching school children about evidence-based medicine: Cochrane UK’s outreach programme
Technical editing of articles before they are published in medical journals.
Technique modification for reducing the risks from amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling
Techniques and materials for closure of the abdominal wall in caesarean section

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