Index

Staple line reinforcement for adults undergoing bariatric surgery with gastric transection
Staples versus sutures for closing leg wounds after vein graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass surgery
Staples versus sutures for surgical wound closure in adults
Starting the treatment of hypertension with one medicine versus starting with a combination of two medicines
Statement from Cochrane
Statement from Cochrane’s Governing Board – 26th September 2018
Statin withdrawal in people with dementia
Statins can help reduce risk of death in people with chronic kidney disease who do not need dialysis
Statins for acute coronary syndrome
Statins for acute ischemic stroke
Statins for aortic valve stenosis
Statins for asthma
Statins for children with inherited high blood cholesterol
Statins for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Statins for delaying the onset and progression of age-related macular degeneration
Statins for dyslipidemia in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretrovirals
Statins for influenza and pneumonia
Statins for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Statins for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Statins for preventing blood clot formation within veins
Statins for preventing colorectal adenoma and carcinoma
Statins for preventing major vascular events in people with hypertension
Statins for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome
Statins for the prevention of dementia
Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
Statins for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Statins for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
Stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine combination therapy for treatment of HIV infection and AIDS in adults
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Steam inhalation or humidified oxygen for acute bronchiolitis in children under three years of age
Stem cell injections for osteoarthritis of the knee
Stem cell therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy
Stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis
Stem cell therapy for treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease)
Stem cell transplantation for acute myelocytic leukaemia in paediatric patients in first remission
Stem cell transplantation for high risk acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in paediatric patients in first remission
Stem cell transplantation for induction of remission in medically refractory Crohn’s disease
Stem cell transplantation for ischemic stroke
Stem cell transplantation for systemic sclerosis
Stem cell transplantation for treating Gaucher disease
Stem cell transplantation of sibling donors compared with specific immunosuppressive therapy for acquired severe aplastic anemia
Stem cell treatment following a heart attack
Stem cell treatment for chronic ischaemic heart disease and congestive heart failure
Stem cell-based interventions for the prevention of morbidity and mortality following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in newborn infants
Stem cell-based therapies for bleeding to the brain (germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage) in newborns born preterm
Stem cells for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants
Stent placement versus surgery to control symptoms of a blocked stomach outlet caused by inoperable cancer
Stents for preventing pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy
Stepping down the dose of inhaled corticosteroids for adults with asthma
Stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma)
Sterile water injections for the relief of pain in labour
Sternal fixation techniques following sternotomy for preventing sternal wound complications
Steroid avoidance or withdrawal for kidney transplant recipients
Steroid avoidance or withdrawal for pancreas and pancreas with kidney transplant recipients
Steroid hormone treatment for Kawasaki disease in children
Steroid implants for chronic uveitis not caused by infection
Steroid injections for painful soles of heels in adults
Steroid therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infants
Steroid-eluting sinus stents for improving symptoms in chronic rhinosinusitis patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery
Steroidal anti-inflammatory medication given by mouth or injection for acute sinusitis
Steroids applied directly to polyps in the nose in people with cystic fibrosis
Steroids for acute sinusitis in adults and children
Steroids for acute spinal cord injury
Steroids for improving recovery following tonsillectomy in children
Steroids for short-term symptom control in infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever)
Steroids for the common cold
Steroids for the treatment of influenza
Steroids for the treatment of sudden hearing loss with unknown cause
Steroids in the treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy
Steroids inserted into the eye versus observation for macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion
Steroids plus antibiotics versus antibiotics alone for treatment of acute endophthalmitis after eye surgery or injections into the eye
Steroids with antiangiogenic properties for treating neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Still awaiting evidence for effect of ursodeoxycholic acid and/or antibiotics in the prevention of biliary stent occlusion
Still awaiting evidence for sphincterotomy for biliary sphincter of Oddi dysfunction
Still awaiting evidence on Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B
Still awaiting evidence on efficacy of medicinal herbs for viral hepatitis C
Still not clear whether people with a spinal cord injury should go straight to a specialist centre
Still waiting for evidence about whether cranberries are a useful treatment for urinary tract infections
Stimulant and non-stimulant drug therapy for people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and epilepsy
Stimulant drugs for narcolepsy in adults
Stimulant drugs for narcolepsy in adults
Stimulant laxatives for constipation and soiling in children
Stimulating the brain without surgery in the management of chronic pain in adults
Stipends deadline for Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Stipends now open for Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Stiripentol as an add-on treatment for focal refractory epilepsy
Stitching versus no stitching of the tissue beneath the skin (subcutaneous tissue) for non-childbirth surgery
Stool transplantation for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
Stopping antibiotic therapy early versus continuing until normal neutrophil count in people with cancer with fever and low neutrophil counts
Stopping feeds for prevention of transfusion-associated necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants
Stopping long-acting beta2-agonists for children with asthma well controlled on combination therapy
Stopping or continuing long-term antipsychotic drug use for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia
Stopping or reducing versus continuing long-term proton pump inhibitor use in adults
Stoptober
Strategies designed to help healthcare professionals to recruit participants to research studies
Strategies for detecting colon cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Strategies for expanding health insurance coverage in vulnerable populations
Strategies for identifying familial hypercholesterolaemia in non-specialist clinical settings
Strategies for improving adherence to exercise in adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain
Strategies for improving how people with epilepsy take their medication
Strategies for increasing the participation of women in community breast cancer screening
Strategies for integrating family planning services with maternal, neonatal and child health, and nutrition services
Strategies for managing sexual dysfunction caused by antidepressants
Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Strategies for reducing exposure to indoor air pollution from household burning of solid fuels: effects on acute lower respiratory infections in children under the age of 15 years
Strategies for removing catheters used in the short term to drain urine from the bladder in hospitalised patients
Strategies for use of blood products for major bleeding in trauma
Strategies to change organisational culture to improve healthcare performance
Strategies to help doctors change the way they prescribe antibiotics for patients with acute respiratory infections
Strategies to help people with asthma take their steroid inhaler as prescribed
Strategies to help people with asthma use their inhaler correctly
Strategies to improve disease management and increase adherence to iron chelation therapy in people with thalassaemia
Strategies to improve safe and effective medicines use by consumers: an overview of systematic reviews
Strategies to improve the delivery of tobacco use treatment in primary care practice
Strategies to increase adherence to iron chelation therapy in people with sickle cell disease or thalassaemia
Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
Strategies to prevent kidney injury from antibiotics in people with cystic fibrosis
Strategies to prevent oral disease in dependent older people
Strategies to promote participation in physical activity for people with cystic fibrosis
Strategies to reduce antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care
Strategies used for the withdrawal of humidified high flow nasal cannulae (HHFNC) in preterm infants
Strategies used for the withdrawal of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants
Strategy to 2020
Street lighting for preventing road traffic crashes and injuries
Strength training or aerobic exercise training for muscle disease
Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise
Strict control compared with conventional glycaemic control for preventing surgical site infections in adults
Stroke liaison workers for stroke patients and carers
Strong evidence that advanced and remedial driver education does not reduce road traffic crashes or injuries
Strontium ranelate for osteoarthritis
Strontium ranelate for osteoporosis in women after menopause
Structured telephone support and non-invasive telemonitoring in the management of people with heart failure
Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic suppressed HIV infection in adults
Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic unsuppressed HIV infection in adults
Structured versus routine family planning counselling for contraception
Students contributing to the impact of Cochrane
Studies urgently needed to assess effects of Personal Assistance for children and teens with both physical and intellectual impairments
Studies urgently needed to assess effects of Personal Assistance for children and teens with physical impairments
Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for pain control and better operating conditions for cataract surgery
Subcutaneous or intramuscular methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis
Subcutaneous rapid-acting insulin analogues for diabetic ketoacidosis
Subcutaneous unfractionated heparin for the initial treatment of venous thromboembolism
Subcutaneous versus intravenous erythropoietin for long-term dialysis patients
Subcuticular sutures for skin closure in non-obstetric surgery
Subintimal angioplasty for lower limb arterial chronic total obstructions
Sublingual immunotherapy (tablets, spray or drops under the tongue) to treat inflammation of the conjunctiva due to allergy
Sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis (including hay fever)
Sublingual immunotherapy for asthma
Submissions for abstracts open - Cochrane Colloquium, Toronto 2020
Subpial transection surgery for epilepsy
Subsidising artemisinin-based combination therapy in drug shops and pharmacies
Substituting or adding fluoroquinolones to established first-line antituberculous drug regimens gives no additional benefit or risks
Subtotal versus total hysterectomy
Sucrose for analgesia (pain relief) in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures
Suction versus no suction for chest drain management
Sugammadex, a new medication for selective reversal of muscle weakness after surgery
Suite of Cochrane Reviews on chronic rhinosinusitis
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate versus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated malaria
Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis
Sulfasalazine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Sulodexide for venous leg ulcers
Sulphonylurea as sole therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sulpiride dose for schizophrenia
Sulpiride for schizophrenia
Sulpiride versus other antipsychotics for schizophrenia
Sulpiride versus placebo for schizophrenia
Sulthiame as add-on therapy for epilepsy
Sulthiame monotherapy for epilepsy 
Sumatriptan (all routes of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (intranasal route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (oral route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (rectal route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (subcutaneous route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan plus naproxen for acute migraine attacks in adults
Summary of findings tables for communicating key findings of systematic reviews
Sun protection (including sunscreens) to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Sunlight for the prevention and treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm neonates
Superficial heat or cold for low back pain
Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
Supervised exercise therapy vs home-based exercise therapy vs walking advice for patients with leg pain while walking (intermittent claudication)
Supervised-dosing strategies versus take-home opioid substitution treatment for people dependent on opioid drugs
Supervision to improve the quality of primary health care in low- and middle-income countries
Supine versus non-supine sleep position for preventing short-term morbidity and mortality in hospitalised spontaneously breathing preterm infants
Supplemental oxygen for adults admitted to the intensive care unit
Supplemental oxygen for the treatment of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity
Supplemental plant sterols and stanols for serum cholesterol and cardiovascular disease
Supplementary feeding for children aged three months to five years: does it work to improve their health and well-being?
Supplementary feeding for groups of people that are food insecure, vulnerable and malnourished
Supplementary feeding with nutritional education for caregivers for promoting growth and development in young children in developing countries
Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries
Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies
Support for breastfeeding mothers
Support for health professionals reduces unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals
Support for mothers, fathers and families after perinatal death
Support from peers or lay leaders for adolescents with asthma
Support surfaces for treating pressure ulcers
Supported employment for adults with severe mental illness
Supported housing for people with severe mental disorders
Supportive care for patients with gastrointestinal cancer
Supportive devices for preventing and treating subluxation of the shoulder after stroke
Supportive interventions for improving dietary intake in nutritionally vulnerable groups
Supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) to preserve teeth in people previously treated for periodontitis
Supportive therapy for schizophrenia
Suppression of the stress system in children who received synthetic stress hormones for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Surfactant for bacterial pneumonia in term and late preterm infants
Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infants
Surfactant for newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Surfactant for pulmonary haemorrhage in neonates
Surfactant may be effective for severe bronchiolitis in infants and children but additional research is needed
Surfactant therapy guided by tests for lung maturity in preterm infants at risk of respiratory distress syndrome
Surfactant therapy via brief tracheal catheterization in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome
Surgery and whole brain radiation therapy versus whole brain radiation therapy alone for single brain metastases
Surgery compared to non-surgical treatment to relieve symptoms of bowel obstruction in ovarian cancer
Surgery for cancer of the penis
Surgery for cataracts that develop in both eyes at or soon after birth
Surgery for cervical radiculomyelopathy
Surgery for choanal atresia
Surgery for chronically discharging ears with underlying eardrum perforations
Surgery for complete rectal prolapse in adults
Surgery for complicated diverticular disease: primary or secondary anastomosis after colonic resection
Surgery for curvature of the spine in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Surgery for deep venous incompetence
Surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylosis
Surgery for Dupuytren's disease of the fingers
Surgery for elbow pain (tennis elbow)
Surgery for epilepsy
Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults
Surgery for hip impingement (femoroacetabular impingement)
Surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane
Surgery for leg and back pain caused by damage to spinal discs
Surgery for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer
Surgery for Ménière's disease
Surgery for obesity
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea in adults
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome
Surgery for Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder
Surgery for osteoarthritis of the thumb
Surgery for patella tendinopathy (jumper's knee)
Surgery for primary supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage
Surgery for resolving symptoms associated with malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancers
Surgery for rheumatoid arthritis in the shoulder
Surgery for rotator cuff disease
Surgery for small abdominal aortic aneurysms that do not cause symptoms
Surgery for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents
Surgery for the treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy
Surgery for trigger finger
Surgery for tympanic membrane retraction pockets
Surgery for ulcerative colitis: Outcomes in low volume hospitals versus high volume hospitals
Surgery for unstable trauma patients

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