Index

Stimulating the brain without surgery in the management of chronic pain in adults
Stipends deadline for Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Stipends now open for Cochrane Colloquium Edinburgh 2018
Stiripentol as an add-on treatment for focal refractory epilepsy
Stitching versus no stitching of the tissue beneath the skin (subcutaneous tissue) for non-childbirth surgery
Stool transplantation for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
Stopping antibiotic therapy early versus continuing until normal neutrophil count in people with cancer with fever and low neutrophil counts
Stopping feeds for prevention of transfusion-associated necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants
Stopping long-acting beta2-agonists for children with asthma well controlled on combination therapy
Stopping or continuing long-term antipsychotic drug use for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia
Stopping or reducing versus continuing long-term proton pump inhibitor use in adults
Stoptober
Strategies designed to help healthcare professionals to recruit participants to research studies
Strategies for detecting colon cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Strategies for expanding health insurance coverage in vulnerable populations
Strategies for identifying familial hypercholesterolaemia in non-specialist clinical settings
Strategies for improving adherence to exercise in adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain
Strategies for improving how people with epilepsy take their medication
Strategies for increasing the participation of women in community breast cancer screening
Strategies for integrating family planning services with maternal, neonatal and child health, and nutrition services
Strategies for managing sexual dysfunction caused by antidepressants
Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Strategies for reducing exposure to indoor air pollution from household burning of solid fuels: effects on acute lower respiratory infections in children under the age of 15 years
Strategies for removing catheters used in the short term to drain urine from the bladder in hospitalised patients
Strategies for use of blood products for major bleeding in trauma
Strategies to change organisational culture to improve healthcare performance
Strategies to help doctors change the way they prescribe antibiotics for patients with acute respiratory infections
Strategies to help people with asthma take their steroid inhaler as prescribed
Strategies to help people with asthma use their inhaler correctly
Strategies to improve disease management and increase adherence to iron chelation therapy in people with thalassaemia
Strategies to improve safe and effective medicines use by consumers: an overview of systematic reviews
Strategies to improve the delivery of tobacco use treatment in primary care practice
Strategies to increase adherence to iron chelation therapy in people with sickle cell disease or thalassaemia
Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
Strategies to prevent kidney injury from antibiotics in people with cystic fibrosis
Strategies to prevent oral disease in dependent older people
Strategies to promote participation in physical activity for people with cystic fibrosis
Strategies to reduce antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care
Strategies used for the withdrawal of humidified high flow nasal cannulae (HHFNC) in preterm infants
Strategies used for the withdrawal of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants
Strategy to 2020
Street lighting for preventing road traffic crashes and injuries
Strength training or comprehensive aerobic exercise training for muscle disease
Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise
Strict control compared with conventional glycaemic control for preventing surgical site infections in adults
Stroke liaison workers for stroke patients and carers
Strong evidence that advanced and remedial driver education does not reduce road traffic crashes or injuries
Strontium ranelate for osteoarthritis
Strontium ranelate for osteoporosis in women after menopause
Structured telephone support and non-invasive telemonitoring in the management of people with heart failure
Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic suppressed HIV infection in adults
Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic unsuppressed HIV infection in adults
Structured versus routine family planning counselling for contraception
Students contributing to the impact of Cochrane
Studies urgently needed to assess effects of Personal Assistance for children and teens with both physical and intellectual impairments
Studies urgently needed to assess effects of Personal Assistance for children and teens with physical impairments
Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for pain control and better operating conditions for cataract surgery
Subcutaneous or intramuscular methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis
Subcutaneous rapid-acting insulin analogues for diabetic ketoacidosis
Subcutaneous unfractionated heparin for the initial treatment of venous thromboembolism
Subcutaneous versus intravenous erythropoietin for long-term dialysis patients
Subcuticular sutures for skin closure in non-obstetric surgery
Subintimal angioplasty for lower limb arterial chronic total obstructions
Sublingual immunotherapy (tablets, spray or drops under the tongue) to treat inflammation of the conjunctiva due to allergy
Sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis (including hay fever)
Sublingual immunotherapy for asthma
Subpial transection surgery for epilepsy
Subsidising artemisinin-based combination therapy in drug shops and pharmacies
Substituting or adding fluoroquinolones to established first-line antituberculous drug regimens gives no additional benefit or risks
Subtotal versus total hysterectomy
Sucrose for analgesia (pain relief) in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures
Suction versus no suction for chest drain management
Sugammadex, a new medication for selective reversal of muscle weakness after surgery
Suite of Cochrane Reviews on chronic rhinosinusitis
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate versus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated malaria
Sulfasalazine for ankylosing spondylitis
Sulfasalazine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Sulodexide for venous leg ulcers
Sulphonylurea as sole therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sulpiride dose for schizophrenia
Sulpiride for schizophrenia
Sulpiride versus other antipsychotics for schizophrenia
Sulpiride versus placebo for schizophrenia
Sulthiame as add-on therapy for epilepsy
Sulthiame monotherapy for epilepsy 
Sumatriptan (all routes of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (intranasal route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (oral route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (rectal route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan (subcutaneous route of administration) for acute migraine attacks in adults
Sumatriptan plus naproxen for acute migraine attacks in adults
Summary of findings tables for communicating key findings of systematic reviews
Sun protection (including sunscreens) to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Sunlight for the prevention and treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm neonates
Superficial heat or cold for low back pain
Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
Supervised exercise therapy vs home-based exercise therapy vs walking advice for patients with leg pain while walking (intermittent claudication)
Supervised-dosing strategies versus take-home opioid substitution treatment for people dependent on opioid drugs
Supervision to improve the quality of primary health care in low- and middle-income countries
Supine versus non-supine sleep position for preventing short-term morbidity and mortality in hospitalised spontaneously breathing preterm infants
Supplemental oxygen for the treatment of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity
Supplemental plant sterols and stanols for serum cholesterol and cardiovascular disease
Supplementary feeding for children aged three months to five years: does it work to improve their health and well-being?
Supplementary feeding for groups of people that are food insecure, vulnerable and malnourished
Supplementary feeding with nutritional education for caregivers for promoting growth and development in young children in developing countries
Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries
Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies
Support for breastfeeding mothers
Support for health professionals reduces unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals
Support for mothers, fathers and families after perinatal death
Support from peers or lay leaders for adolescents with asthma
Support surfaces for treating pressure ulcers
Supported employment for adults with severe mental illness
Supported housing for people with severe mental disorders
Supportive care for patients with gastrointestinal cancer
Supportive devices for preventing and treating subluxation of the shoulder after stroke
Supportive interventions for improving dietary intake in nutritionally vulnerable groups
Supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) to preserve teeth in people previously treated for periodontitis
Supportive therapy for schizophrenia
Suppression of the stress system in children who received synthetic stress hormones for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Surfactant for bacterial pneumonia in term and late preterm infants
Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infants
Surfactant for newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Surfactant for pulmonary haemorrhage in neonates
Surfactant may be effective for severe bronchiolitis in infants and children but additional research is needed
Surfactant therapy guided by tests for lung maturity in preterm infants at risk of respiratory distress syndrome
Surfactant therapy via brief tracheal catheterization in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome
Surgery and whole brain radiation therapy versus whole brain radiation therapy alone for single brain metastases
Surgery compared to non-surgical treatment to relieve symptoms of bowel obstruction in ovarian cancer
Surgery for cancer of the penis
Surgery for cataracts that develop in both eyes at or soon after birth
Surgery for cervical radiculomyelopathy
Surgery for choanal atresia
Surgery for chronically discharging ears with underlying eardrum perforations
Surgery for complete rectal prolapse in adults
Surgery for complicated diverticular disease: primary or secondary anastomosis after colonic resection
Surgery for curvature of the spine in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Surgery for deep venous incompetence
Surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylosis
Surgery for Dupuytren's disease of the fingers
Surgery for elbow pain (tennis elbow)
Surgery for epilepsy
Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults
Surgery for hip impingement (femoroacetabular impingement)
Surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane
Surgery for leg and back pain caused by damage to spinal discs
Surgery for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer
Surgery for Ménière's disease
Surgery for obesity
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea in adults
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome
Surgery for Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder
Surgery for osteoarthritis of the thumb
Surgery for patella tendinopathy (jumper's knee)
Surgery for primary supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage
Surgery for resolving symptoms associated with malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancers
Surgery for rheumatoid arthritis in the shoulder
Surgery for rotator cuff disease
Surgery for small abdominal aortic aneurysms that do not cause symptoms
Surgery for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents
Surgery for the treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy
Surgery for trigger finger
Surgery for tympanic membrane retraction pockets
Surgery for ulcerative colitis: Outcomes in low volume hospitals versus high volume hospitals
Surgery for unstable trauma patients
Surgery for upper tract transitional cell carcinoma
Surgery for urinary incontinence due to presumed sphincter deficiency after prostate surgery
Surgery for women with pelvic organ prolapse with or without continence procedures
Surgery may improve survival rates for non-small cell lung cancer limited to the lung and surrounding affected glands
Surgery or chemoradiotherapy for stage IB2 cervical cancer
Surgery or embolization for varicoceles in subfertile men
Surgery or non-surgical treatment for broken heel bones
Surgery or radiosurgery for solitary brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer
Surgery or radiotherapy for early cervical cancer of the adenocarcinoma type
Surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy versus surgery alone for stage II endometrial cancer
Surgery to improve vision in people with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)
Surgery to remove cataracts after vitrectomy
Surgery to remove tumour so that it is not visible with the naked eye prolongs survival in women with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer
Surgery to the inferior turbinate (lining of the nose) in order to relieve nose block in allergic rhinitis after failed medical treatment
Surgery versus antimicrobials for atypical mycobacterial lymphadenitis of the head and neck
Surgery versus conservative treatment for acute ankle sprains in adults
Surgery versus conservative treatment to repair knee anterior cruciate ligament tears (ruptures) in adults
Surgery versus endoscopic therapies for early oesophageal cancer in Barrett's oesophagus
Surgery versus IVF or expectant management for women with tubal infertility
Surgery versus medical therapy for heavy menstrual bleeding
Surgery versus medication for treating acid reflux in brain-damaged children having a feeding tube inserted
Surgery versus non-surgical interventions (voice therapy, medical treatment) for the resolution of vocal cord nodules
Surgery versus non-surgical management for unilateral ureteric-pelvic junction obstruction in newborns and infants less than two years of age
Surgery versus non-surgical treatment for bronchiectasis
Surgery versus observation for people with abdominal injury
Surgery versus primary endocrine therapy for elderly women with operable primary breast cancer
Surgery versus sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicose veins
Surgery versus stereotactic radiotherapy for people with single or solitary brain metastasis
Surgery versus surveillance for asymptomatic (mild) primary hyperparathyroidism in adults 50 years or older
Surgery versus thrombolysis for the initial management of acute limb ischaemia
Surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation
Surgical and medical interventions for abdominal aortic graft infections
Surgical and non-surgical interventions used primarily for snoring
Surgical and non-surgical methods of cleaning and removing dead tissue from sores on the feet of people with diabetes.
Surgical and radiological interventions for treating symptomatic extracranial cervical artery dissection
Surgical approach to hysterectomy for benign gynaecological diseases
Surgical approaches for dislocations of the neck bones
Surgical approaches for inserting hemiarthroplasty of the hip
Surgical approaches in total knee arthroplasty
Surgical closure of the lining of the abdominal cavity versus no closure for reducing wound complications after operations unrelated to childbirth
Surgical decompression for cerebral oedema in acute ischaemic stroke
Surgical excision margins for primary cutaneous melanoma
Surgical fixation methods for treating tibial plateau fractures (breaks in the top end of the shin bone) in adults
Surgical hand antisepsis to reduce surgical site infection
Surgical interventions for childhood glaucoma
Surgical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps
Surgical interventions for entrapment and compression of the tibial and deep peroneal nerves including tarsal tunnel syndrome
Surgical interventions for infantile nystagmus syndrome
Surgical interventions for nystagmus developing in the first year of life
Surgical interventions for pharyngeal pouch
Surgical interventions for post-traumatic anterior shoulder instability in adults
Surgical interventions for pterygium
Surgical interventions for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Surgical interventions for symptomatic mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis
Surgical interventions for the management of chronic groin pain after hernia repair (postherniorrhaphy inguinodynia) in adults
Surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain in women
Surgical interventions for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability
Surgical interventions for treating acute Achilles tendon ruptures
Surgical interventions for treating distal humeral fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating distal tibial fractures (breaks of the lower end of the shin bone) in adults
Surgical interventions for treating extra-articular fractures of the second, third, fourth or fifth metacarpals in adults
Surgical interventions for treating extracapsular hip fractures in adults: a network meta-analysis
Surgical interventions for treating fractures and non-union of the collarbone
Surgical interventions for treating fractures of the olecranon (an elbow bone) in adults
Surgical interventions for treating humeral shaft fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating intracapsular hip fractures in adults: a network meta-analysis
Surgical interventions for treating meniscal injuries of the knee in adults
Surgical interventions for treating multidrug and extensively-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis
Surgical interventions for treating patellar dislocation and instability
Surgical interventions for treating radial head fractures in adults
Surgical interventions for treating tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) fracture dislocations
Surgical interventions for type II superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions
Surgical management of localised renal cell carcinoma
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women
Surgical management of Perthes disease
Surgical methods to decrease blood loss during liver surgery
Surgical operation for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
Surgical operations for winging of the shoulder blade in muscular dystrophy
Surgical procedures for accelerating orthodontic treatment
Surgical procedures to evacuate incomplete miscarriage
Surgical release of tongue-tie for the treatment of tongue-tie in young babies
Surgical removal of bony wall or orbital fat for thyroid eye disease

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