Index

Singing for people with Parkinson's disease
Single agent versus combination chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer
Single crowns or routine fillings for the restoration of root-filled teeth
Single dose dipyrone for acute renal colic pain
Single dose dipyrone for the treatment of acute postoperative pain
Single dose lornoxicam (trade names Xefo, Xafon, Lorcam, Acabel) for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral aceclofenac for postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral acemetacin for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral aspirin for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral codeine, as a single agent, for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral dexibuprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral diclofenac for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral diflunisal for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral etodolac for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral etoricoxib for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral fenbufen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral fenoprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral flurbiprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral ibuprofen plus caffeine for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral ibuprofen plus codeine for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral ibuprofen plus oxycodone for acute postoperative pain
Single dose oral ibuprofen plus paracetamol (acetaminophen) for acute postoperative pain
Single dose oral ketoprofen and dexketoprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral lumiracoxib (Prexige®) for acute postoperative pain relief in adults
Single dose oral mefenamic acid for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral meloxicam for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral nabumetone for postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral naproxen and naproxen sodium for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral nefopam for postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral paracetamol (acetaminophen) for postoperative pain relief in adults
Single dose oral paracetamol (acetaminophen) plus codeine for postoperative pain relief in adults
Single dose oral rofecoxib for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral sulindac for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral tenoxicam for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oral tiaprofenic acid for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single dose oxycodone and oxycodone plus paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen) for analgesia in adults with acute postoperative pain
Single dose tramadol for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single layer versus double layer anastomosis (joining) of the gastrointestinal tract following bowel resection
Single or combination chemotherapy during preoperative treatment for rectal cancer
Single or combined immune checkpoint inhibitors compared to first-line chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab for people with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
Single therapy laser photocoagulation for diabetic macular oedema
Single versus double intrauterine insemination in stimulated cycles for subfertile couples
Single versus double volume exchange transfusion in jaundiced newborn infants
Single versus two layer suturing for closing the uterine incision at Caesarean section
Single-agent antibiotic treatment for cancer patients with fever and low white blood cell counts
Single-dose dipyrone for the treatment of acute postoperative pain
Single-dose intravenous diclofenac for short-term pain after surgery in adults
Single-dose intravenous ibuprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single-dose intravenous ketorolac for acute postoperative pain in adults
Single-dose oral celecoxib for postoperative pain
Single-incision sling operations for urinary incontinence in women
Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease
Siponimod for multiple sclerosis
Sipuleucel-T for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
Six months therapy for patients with tuberculous meningitis
Six-month therapy for people with abdominal tuberculosis
Skin antisepsis for reducing central venous catheter-related infections
Skin grafting and tissue replacement for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes
Skin grafts to improve leg ulcer healing
Skin patch or vaginal ring compared to pills for birth control
Skin preparation for preventing infection following caesarean section
Skin puncture versus exposing the femoral artery for minimally invasive repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms
Skin treatments for chronic plaque psoriasis
Skin-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer
Skin-to-skin care with newborns cuts down procedural pain
Skincare interventions in infants for preventing eczema and food allergy
Sleep positioning systems for children with cerebral palsy
Sliding scale insulin for non-critically ill hospitalised adults with diabetes mellitus
Sling exercise therapy for chronic low-back pain
Slow freeze versus vitrification for embryo cryopreservation
Slow-release fluoride devices for the control of dental decay
Slowly advancing milk feeds does not reduce the risk of necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants
Small-incision cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy seem equivalent considering complications, but small-incision cholecystectomy is associated with a shorter hospital stay
Smart technology for self-management of COPD
SmartCare™ versus non-automated weaning strategies for weaning time in invasively ventilated critically ill adults
Smectite for treating children with acute diarrhoea
Smoking cessation for improving mental health
Smoking cessation interventions for people with lung cancer
Snake antivenoms for treating people who have been bitten by a snake, and have developed abnormal blood clotting
Social connectedness interventions for preventing suicide in young and middle-aged adults
Social franchising to increase access to and quality of health services in low- and middle-income countries
Social norms interventions are not effective enough on their own to reduce alcohol use or misuse among university or college students
Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Social skills programmes for people with schizophrenia
Social skills training for children aged between 5 and 18 with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Sodium bicarbonate infusion during resuscitation of infants at birth
Sodium valproate versus phenytoin monotherapy (single drug treatment) for epilepsy
Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors for prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its associated complications in people at risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus
Soft versus firm catheters for intrauterine insemination
Soft versus firm embryo transfer catheters for assisted reproductive technology
Soft versus rigid vacuum extractor cups for assisted vaginal delivery
Soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators for raised blood pressure within the lungs
Somatostatin analogues for acute bleeding oesophageal varices
Somatostatin analogues for carcinoid syndrome
Somatostatin analogues for reducing complications following pancreatic surgery
Somatostatin analogues for thyroid associated ophthalmopathy
Somatostatin analogues for treatment of enterocutaneous fistula
Somatostatin analogues, dopamine agonists or growth hormone antagonists for pituitary adenoma-induced acromegaly
Somatostatin or somatostatin analogues for acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Some evidence that CDP-choline has a positive effect on memory and behaviour in at least the short/medium term in elderly people with cognitive deficits associated with chronic cerebral disorders of the brain
Some evidence that Reality Orientation has benefits on both cognition and behaviour for dementia sufferers.
Some evidence to suggest that target payments to physicians increase immunisation rates
Some evidence to suggest that the way in which primary care physicians are paid may affect their clinical behaviour
Some physiotherapy interventions are effective for shoulder pain in some cases.
Sophorus species for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
Sound reduction management in the neonatal intensive care unit for preterm or very low birthweight infants
Sound therapy (masking) in the management of tinnitus in adults
Sound therapy (using amplification devices or sound generators) for tinnitus
Souvenaid for Alzheimer's disease
Soy formula for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infants
Special Collection - Coronavirus (COVID-19): optimizing health in the home workspace
Special Collection - Coronavirus (COVID-19): regional anaesthesia to reduce drug use in anaesthesia and avoid aerosol generation
Special Collection - Coronavirus (COVID-19): remote care through telehealth
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): effective options for quitting smoking during the pandemic
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): evidence relevant to critical care
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): evidence relevant to critical care
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): infection control and prevention measures
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): infection control and prevention measures
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): optimizing health in the home workspace
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): regional anaesthesia to reduce drug use in anaesthesia and avoid aerosol generation
Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): remote care through telehealth
Special Collection: Effective options for quitting smoking during COVID-19
Special Collection: the health of refugees and asylum seekers in Europe
Special thank you and recognition of 22 years of service to Cochrane: Founder of Cochrane Finland, Marjukka Mäkelä
Specialised advice on stopping smoking for people with serious mental illness
Specialised antenatal clinics for women with a multiple pregnancy with the aim of improving outcomes for babies and mothers
Specialised antenatal clinics for women with a pregnancy at high risk of preterm birth (excluding multiple pregnancy) to improve outcomes for women and babies
Specialised early intervention teams (extended time) for first episode psychosis
Specialised early intervention teams for first episode psychosis
Specialist breast care nurses for supportive care of women with breast cancer
Specialist epilepsy nurses: no clear evidence on their impact on the care of people with epilepsy
Specialist home-based nursing services for children with acute and chronic illnesses
Specialist interventions for homeless people with severe mental illness
Specialist nurse counselling interventions for patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Specialist nurses in diabetes mellitus
Specialist outreach clinics in primary care and rural hospital settings may improve access to care, quality of care, health outcomes, patient satisfaction and use of hospital services. They may also be more costly.
Specialist teams for neonatal transport to neonatal intensive care units for prevention of morbidity and mortality
Specially formulated foods for treating children with moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries
Specific allergy immunotherapy for the treatment of atopic eczema
Specific immunotherapy for latex allergy
Specific psychological therapies versus other therapies or no treatment for severe and enduring anorexia nervosa
Spectrum of the initial antibiotic treatment for cancer patients with fever and low leucocytes counts
Speech and language therapy for children with cerebral palsy might improve their communication skills, but more research is needed.
Speech and language therapy for children with speech or language delay
Speech and language therapy for chronic cough
Speech and language therapy for language problems after a stroke
Speech and language therapy for speech problems in Parkinson's disease
Speech and language therapy for speech problems in Parkinson’s disease
Speech and language therapy interventions for children with primary speech and language delay or disorder
Speech therapy for children with dysarthria ac quired before three years of age
Speleotherapy (exposure to salt air, usually underground) for asthma
Sperm washing to prevent HIV transmission from HIV-infected men but allowing conception in sero-discordant couples
Spermicide used alone for birth control
Spina bifida repair and infant and maternal health
Spinal anaesthesia drugs for caesarean section
Spinal cord stimulation for cancer pain
Spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain
Spinal cord stimulation for patients with chronic critical leg ischaemia who cannot have blood vessel surgery
Spinal immobilisation for trauma patients
Spinal manipulation for painful periods
Spinal manipulative therapy for acute low-back pain
Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain
Spinal manipulative therapy for low-back pain
Spinal rehabilitative exercise and manual treatment for the prevention of migraine attacks in adults
Spinal rehabilitative exercise or manual treatment for the prevention of cervicogenic headache in adults
Spinal rehabilitative exercise or manual treatment for the prevention of tension-type headache in adults
Spinal versus epidural anaesthesia for caesarean section
Spiritual and religious interventions for adults in the latter stage of a disease
Spironolactone for the treatment of high blood pressure
Spironolactone versus placebo or in combination with steroids for hirsutism and/or acne
Spleen conserving surgery versus splenectomy for injured patients with splenic trauma
Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome
Splinting for the non-operative management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in children under six months of age
Splints and other non-surgical methods for treating common injuries of the middle joints of the fingers
Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder
Sports injuries: when do show-stoppers need surgery?
St. John's wort for treating depression.
Stabilisation splint therapy for temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome
Staff-led interventions for improving oral hygiene in patients following stroke
Standard registration deadline: September 26th 2019
Standard versus biofilm antibiotic testing to guide antibiotic treatment in cystic fibrosis
Staple crops biofortified with increased micronutrient content: effects on vitamin and mineral status, as well as health and cognitive function in the general population
Staple line reinforcement for adults undergoing bariatric surgery with gastric transection
Staples versus sutures for closing leg wounds after vein graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass surgery
Staples versus sutures for surgical wound closure in adults
Statement from Cochrane
Statement from Cochrane’s Governing Board – 26th September 2018
Statin withdrawal in people with dementia
Statins can help reduce risk of death in people with chronic kidney disease who do not need dialysis
Statins for acute coronary syndrome
Statins for acute ischemic stroke
Statins for aortic valve stenosis
Statins for asthma
Statins for children with inherited high blood cholesterol
Statins for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Statins for delaying the onset and progression of age-related macular degeneration
Statins for dyslipidemia in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretrovirals
Statins for influenza and pneumonia
Statins for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Statins for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Statins for preventing blood clot formation within veins
Statins for preventing colorectal adenoma and carcinoma
Statins for preventing major vascular events in people with hypertension
Statins for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome
Statins for the prevention of dementia
Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
Statins for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Statins for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
Stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine combination therapy for treatment of HIV infection and AIDS in adults
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Steam inhalation or humidified oxygen for acute bronchiolitis in children under three years of age
Stem cell injections for osteoarthritis of the knee
Stem cell therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy
Stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis
Stem cell therapy for treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease)
Stem cell transplantation for acute myelocytic leukaemia in paediatric patients in first remission
Stem cell transplantation for high risk acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in paediatric patients in first remission
Stem cell transplantation for induction of remission in medically refractory Crohn’s disease
Stem cell transplantation for ischemic stroke
Stem cell transplantation for systemic sclerosis
Stem cell transplantation for treating Gaucher disease
Stem cell transplantation of sibling donors compared with specific immunosuppressive therapy for acquired severe aplastic anemia
Stem cell treatment following a heart attack
Stem cell treatment for chronic ischaemic heart disease and congestive heart failure
Stem cell-based interventions for the prevention of morbidity and mortality following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in newborn infants
Stem cell-based therapies for bleeding to the brain (germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage) in newborns born preterm
Stem cells for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants
Stent placement versus surgery to control symptoms of a blocked stomach outlet caused by inoperable cancer
Stents for preventing pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy
Stepping down the dose of inhaled corticosteroids for adults with asthma
Stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma)
Sterile water injections for the relief of pain in labour
Sternal fixation techniques following sternotomy for preventing sternal wound complications
Steroid avoidance or withdrawal for kidney transplant recipients
Steroid avoidance or withdrawal for pancreas and pancreas with kidney transplant recipients
Steroid hormone treatment for Kawasaki disease in children
Steroid implants for chronic uveitis not caused by infection
Steroid injections for painful soles of heels in adults
Steroid therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infants
Steroid-eluting sinus stents for improving symptoms in chronic rhinosinusitis patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery
Steroidal anti-inflammatory medication given by mouth or injection for acute sinusitis
Steroids applied directly to polyps in the nose in people with cystic fibrosis
Steroids for acute sinusitis in adults and children
Steroids for acute spinal cord injury
Steroids for improving recovery following tonsillectomy in children
Steroids for short-term symptom control in infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever)
Steroids for the common cold
Steroids for the treatment of influenza
Steroids for the treatment of sudden hearing loss with unknown cause
Steroids in the treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy

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