Index

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Tumour bed boost radiotherapy for women after breast-conserving surgery
Tumour necrosis factor alpha blocking agents for treatment of active ulcerative colitis
Tweeting, blogging, podcasting, and streaming at the 25th Cochrane Colloquium
Twenty-four hour care for schizophrenia
Twice- or thrice-weekly doses versus daily doses of drugs to treat tuberculosis in children
Two dialysis solutions for acute peritoneal dialysis
Two different laparoscopic techniques for repairing a hernia in the groin
Two different open approaches using a mesh for repairing an elective hernia in the groin.
Two different surgeries to treat near-sightedness
Two different surgical procedures for people who are near-sighted
Two doses of an inactivated vaccine can help prevent Japanese encephalitis disease for at least one year; however, comparisons with other widely used vaccines are not available
Two modes of surgery for posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus in early infancy
Two surgical techniques for corneal transplant (replacing the clear part of the eye with donor tissue)
Type I interferons for treatment of active ulcerative colitis
Type of electrical shock to restart the heart in a non-hospitalised person whose heart stops beating
Type of incision used for below knee amputation to create a skin flap that maximises healing
Types of indwelling urinary catheters for long-term bladder drainage in adults
Types of intra-muscular opioids for maternal pain relief in labour
Types of materials for frontalis sling surgery for congenital ptosis
Types of urethral catheters for management of short-term voiding problems in hospitalised adults
Typical antipsychotics for psychosis in adolescents
Tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies for gastrointestinal stromal tumours
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma in adults
UICC and Cochrane – developing a partnership for global cancer control
Ulinastatin and thymosin as immune modulators for the treatment of sepsis
Ultra-long acting insulin versus long-acting insulin for type 1 diabetes mellitus
Ultra-radical surgery for women with advanced ovarian cancer
Ultrasonography for clinically suspected upper extremity deep vein thrombosis
Ultrasonography for diagnosis of acute appendicitis
Ultrasonography for diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis in people with alcoholic liver disease
Ultrasonography versus computed tomography scan for endoleak detection after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
Ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) plus a clot-busting drug for  breaking down a blood clot blocking a blood vessel in the brain
Ultrasound and liver function tests for the diagnosis of common bile duct stones
Ultrasound and shockwave treatment for recently broken bones in adults
Ultrasound for determining the spread of stomach cancer
Ultrasound for diagnosis of birth weight discordance in twin pregnancies
Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy
Ultrasound guidance for injecting local anaesthetics in children to block pain transmission
Ultrasound guidance for upper and lower limb blocks
Ultrasound guidance versus anatomical landmarks for internal jugular vein catheterization
Ultrasound guidance versus anatomical landmarks for subclavian or femoral vein catheterization
Ultrasound guidance versus landmark method for peripheral venous cannulation in adults
Ultrasound scan for confirmation of gastric tube placement
Ultrasound tests for women with twin pregnancies
Ultrasound therapy had no clinical benefit on pain relief or muscle strength in people with patellofemoral knee pain syndrome
Ultrasound use for insertion of arterial catheters in children
Ultrasound use for the placement of haemodialysis catheters
Ultrasound versus 'clinical touch' for catheter guidance during embryo transfer in women
Ultrasound-guided transvaginal ovarian needle drilling for clomiphene-resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome in subfertile women
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter design (end vs side hole)
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter materials
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of heparin
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of position of the catheter tip
Umbilical cord antiseptics for preventing sepsis and death among newborns
Umbilical vein injection for management of retained placenta
Unboosted versus boosted atazanavir for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV/AIDS
Unbranded advertising of prescription medicines to the public by pharmaceutical companies
Uncertainty about the efficacy of hydergine in dementia
Uncertainty about usefulness of antiviral drugs in Ramsay Hunt syndrome
Uncoated balloon angioplasty versus drug-eluting balloon angioplasty for peripheral arterial disease of the lower limbs
Unconditional cash transfers for reducing poverty: effect on health services use and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
Unconditional cash transfers in disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
Understanding evidence
Unfractionated heparin versus low molecular weight heparin for avoiding heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in postoperative patients
Unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin for treatment of active ulcerative colitis
Unfractioned heparin versus bivalirudin in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome
Unicompartmental arthroplasty for knee osteoarthritis
Unilateral electroconvulsive therapy versus bilateral electroconvulsive therapy for schizophrenia
Unit-dose packaging of drugs for treating malaria
Universal community-based social development interventions for preventing community violence by young people 12 to 18 years of age
Universal multi-component alcohol misuse prevention for young people can be effective
University of London seeks Research Assistant - London, UK
Unsupervised exercise training versus no exercise training for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Unwanted hair removal by laser systems and intense pulsed light sources
Updated European Consensus Guidelines on Respiratory Distress Syndrome in preterm babies cites 39 Cochrane Reviews
Upper limb exercise for haemodialysis fistula surgery
Upper limb exercise for people on haemodialysis following arteriovenous fistula surgery
Urate oxidase for the prevention and treatment of complications from massive lysis (breakdown) of tumour cells in children with cancer
Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis versus conventional-start peritoneal dialysis for people with chronic kidney disease
Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis versus haemodialysis for people with chronic kidney disease
Uric acid lowering therapies for preventing or delaying the progression of chronic kidney disease
Uricosuric medications for chronic gout
Urinary alkalisation for uncomplicated urinary tract infections
Urinary biomarkers for the non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis
Urinary catheter policies for long-term bladder drainage
Urinary diversion and bladder reconstruction/replacement using intestinal segments for intractable incontinence following bladder surgery
Urodynamic studies (tests) for the management of urinary incontinence in children and adults
Ursodeoxycholic acid for liver disease related to cystic fibrosis
Ursodeoxycholic acid for primary biliary cirrhosis
Ursodeoxycholic acid for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
Use by postmenopausal women of creams, pessaries or a vaginal ring to apply oestrogen vaginally for symptoms of vaginal dryness
Use of alprazolam for treatment of essential tremor
Use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) for recurrence of symptoms in women who have had surgery for endometriosis
Use of a powder mix of vitamins and minerals to fortify complementary foods immediately before consumption and improve health and nutrition in children under two years of age
Use of a tourniquet during surgery for varicose veins
Use of adrenaline with lidocaine for surgery on fingers and toes
Use of aminosteroids to treat traumatic brain injury
Use of anti-IgE treatment for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis
Use of antibacterial substances in resin-based fillings to prevent further tooth decay (next to the filling) developing after treatment
Use of antibiotics may or may not prevent leptospirosis
Use of antibiotics to prevent infection of dead pancreatic tissue in acute pancreatitis
Use of antimotility drugs (Loperamide, Diphenoxylate, Codeine) to control prolonged diarrhoea in people with HIV/AIDS.
Use of antiviral drugs in late pregnancy for reducing the recurrence of genital herpes at labor and birth and reducing the risk of newborn HSV infection
Use of calcium during exchange blood transfusion for newborn infants
Use of capnography in emergency department patients being sedated for procedures
Use of clomiphene citrate or letrozole in in vitro fertilisation treatment
Use of clozapine in people with intellectual disabilities and psychoses
Use of Cochrane Reviews to inform WHO guidelines
Use of computer or robotic technology to assist surgeons in performing gynaecological surgery
Use of corticosteroids for treatment of the newborn with bacterial meningitis
Use of different methods of detecting if a baby is large-for-gestational-age, to improve health outcomes
Use of drains in adults after surgery for chronic subdural haematoma
Use of drug and non-drug interventions to reduce pain associated with rocuronium bromide injection in patients undergoing general anaesthesia
Use of ECG to prevent cardiac risk in opioid dependents treated with methadone
Use of fetal scalp blood lactate for assessing fetal well-being during labour
Use of fibrinogen concentrate in patients with bleeding 
Use of fluids and pharmacological agents (medicinal drugs) to prevent the formation of adhesions (scar tissue) after surgery of the female pelvis
Use of Gingko biloba, an extract from the leaves of the maidenhair tree, for slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration
Use of gloves, a gown or a mask for contact with hospitalised patients with Staphylococcus aureus resistant to a common antibiotic (MRSA)
Use of inhaled nitric oxide in patients with acute respiratory failure with low blood oxygen does not improve survival
Use of medication to treat depression in people with opioid dependence
Use of medicines to help release eggs in women with infertility being treated with medicines to increase the growth of eggs
Use of nitroglycerin to deliver a retained placenta
Use of noninvasive ventilation (a mask ventilator) holds promise as a method to make it easier to remove adults from conventional ventilators.
Use of opioid antagonists with minimal sedation to manage opioid withdrawal
Use of oral steroids for cystic fibrosis
Use of oral supplements to increase calorie intake in people with cystic fibrosis
Use of oxygen during activities for people with lung scarring conditions
Use of plastic adhesive drapes during surgery for preventing surgical site infection
Use of platelet transfusions prior to a lumbar puncture or epidural anaesthetic in people with a low platelet count
Use of pregabalin for the treatment of essential tremor
Use of progesterone for treating preterm labour
Use of progesterone or progestogen-releasing intrauterine systems for heavy menstrual bleeding
Use of prophylactic barbiturates to prevent death or serious developmental problems in term or late preterm infants following birth asphyxia
Use of psychological interventions in women diagnosed and under treatment for non-metastatic breast cancer
Use of rapid point-of-care testing for infection to guide doctors prescribing antibiotics for acute respiratory infections in primary care settings
Use of reflective materials during phototherapy for newborn infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia
Use of shorter radiation treatments for prostate cancer
Use of slow-release oral morphine for the treatment of people with opioid dependence
Use of small volumes of breath insufflation for intraoperative mechanical ventilation during surgery
Use of SmartCare™ to aid discontinuing mechanical ventilation of adults in the postoperative period
Use of sodium bicarbonate to treat organophosphorus pesticide poisoning
Use of the antioxidant supplement Pycnogenol® to treat a variety of chronic disorders
Use of topiramate for the treatment of essential tremor
Use of vitamin A and fish oils for retinitis pigmentosa
Use of wound drains after caesarean section
Use of zonisamide for the treatment of essential tremor
Usefulness of surfactant for bronchiolitis in seriously ill infants and children
User views of Cochrane Knowledge Translation
Using a cervical pessary to prevent preterm birth
Using a probe to clear a blockage in a child's tear duct
Using a structured questionnaire (the IQCODE) to detect individuals who may go on to develop dementia
Using alpha-2 adrenergic agonists to prevent heart complications after major surgery
Using an antibiotic to prevent MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections and related complications in people having surgery
Using an omega-3 fatty acid made from fish oils to treat cancer related weight loss
Using antibiotics to reduce infection in babies exposed to meconium
Using antibiotics to treat intra-amniotic infection in pregnant women
Using antiretroviral drugs to treat children under 3 years old who have HIV infection
Using antiretroviral medication to prevent transmission of HIV from mother-to-child during breastfeeding
Using biochemical tests to measure placental function and improve pregnancy outcomes
Using computers to self-manage type 2 diabetes
Using condoms consistently reduces sexual transmission of HIV infection
Using de-escalation to prevent violence in aggressive people
Using diet to manage phenylketonuria
Using different statistical formats for presenting health information
Using ear drops to remove impacted ear wax is better than no treatment, but no particular sort of drops can be recommended over any other
Using email for healthcare professionals to contact each other
Using email for patients/caregivers and healthcare professionals to contact each other
Using information and communication-based prompting for patients with serious mental illness
Using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation
Using mupirocin ointment to reduce staphylococcus aureus infection rates in people who are nasal carriers of staphylococcus aureus.
Using oxygen at high pressure (in a compression chamber) for the treatment of broken bones
Using oxygen at high pressure (in a compression chamber) for the treatment of individuals with severe soft tissue infection (necrotizing fasciitis)
Using patient-reported outcome measures to monitor progress among adults with common mental health disorders
Using pharmacological medications for unilateral spatial neglect (USN) after stroke
Using positive expiratory pressure physiotherapy to clear the airways of people with cystic fibrosis
Using psychological treatments to help people manage thalassaemia
Using qualitative evidence to identify factors influencing ICU health carers' use of guidelines to take adults and children off mechanical ventilation
Using samples obtained by bronchoscopy to decide how to treat lung infections in people with cystic fibrosis
Using selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (NRIs) to treat schizophrenia
Using steroids and cyclophosphamide together as a treatment for paraquat poisoning
Using steroids to treat Kawasaki disease
Using technology to rehabilitate children and adolescents with acquired brain injury
Using the combined vaccine for protection of children against measles, mumps and rubella
Using ultrasound to aid diagnosis of patients with a 'blunt' injury to the abdomen
Using wound drains after incisional hernia repair
Ustekinumab and briakinumab for the treatment of active Crohn's disease
Ustekinumab and briakinumab for the treatment of inactive Crohn's disease
Ustekinumab for plaque psoriasis
Uterine artery embolization for symptomatic uterine fibroids
Uterine distension media for outpatient hysteroscopy
Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
Uterine muscle relaxant drugs for threatened miscarriage
Vaccination against acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in autumn may reduce the number and severity of attacks during winter
Vaccination for preventing pneumococcal infection in adults
Vaccination for preventing postherpetic neuralgia
Vaccination in pregnancy to prevent pertussis in early infancy
Vaccines against overwhelming blood infection due to pneumococcus bacteria and lung infection (pneumonia) among children less than two years of age
Vaccines for preventing anthrax
Vaccines for preventing anthrax
Vaccines for preventing cutaneous leishmaniasis
Vaccines for preventing dengue infection
Vaccines for preventing diarrhoea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli bacteria
Vaccines for preventing flu in people with asthma
Vaccines for preventing hepatitis B in healthcare workers (an updated protocol)
Vaccines for preventing infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy children
Vaccines for preventing influenza in multiple sclerosis patients
Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing malaria in the blood phase
Vaccines for preventing malaria in the pre-erythrocytic phase
Vaccines for preventing plague
Vaccines for preventing rotavirus diarrhoea: vaccines in use
Vaccines for preventing seasonal influenza and its complications in people aged 65 or older
Vaccines for preventing severe Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections in people with sickle cell disease
Vaccines for preventing severe salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease
Vaccines for preventing shingles in older adults
Vaccines for preventing smallpox
Vaccines for preventing the common cold
Vaccines for preventing tick-borne encephalitis
Vaccines for preventing typhoid fever
Vaccines for prevention of HIV infection
Vaccines for women to prevent tetanus in newborn babies
Vaccines to prevent influenza in healthy adults
Vacuum extraction versus forceps for assisted vaginal delivery
Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections (excluding group B streptococcal and HIV)
Vaginal cleansing with antiseptic solution before cesarean delivery to reduce post-cesarean infections
Vaginal dilator therapy for women receiving pelvic radiotherapy
Vaginal dilators and intercourse are useful for alleviating post-radiotherapy vaginal problems, but more evidence is required to assess oestrogens and benzydamine
Vaginal disinfection for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Vaginal misoprostol is effective in inducing labour but more research is needed on safety
Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at term
Vaginal weights for training the pelvic floor muscles to treat urinary incontinence in women
Vagus nerve stimulation for partial seizures
Valacyclovir compared with acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster ophthalmicus in people with an otherwise normal immune system
Valerian for anxiety disorders
Valproate for acute mania
Valproate for keeping people with bipolar disorder well, after mood episodes
Valproate for preventing migraine attacks in adults
Valproate for schizophrenia
Valproate preparations for the treatment of agitated behaviour in people with dementia
Valproic acid and sodium valproate for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia
Vancomycin for prophylaxis against sepsis in preterm neonates
Vapocoolants (cold spray) for pain treatment during intravenous cannulation
Varicella and influenza vaccines may reduce morbidity in patients with blood cancers
Varying the timing or the volume of intravenous fluids given to people with uncontrolled bleeding due to injury
Vascular access specialist teams for insertion of and prevention of vascular access device failure
Vascular access type for patients on chronic haemodialysis

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