Index

Bisphosphonate therapy for children and adolescents with secondary osteoporosis.
Bisphosphonate therapy for osteogenesis imperfecta
Bisphosphonate treatment to improve bone health in children with cerebral palsy
Bisphosphonates and denosumab for breast cancer
Bisphosphonates for advanced prostate cancer
Bisphosphonates for osteoarthritis
Bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in people with cystic fibrosis
Bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in primary biliary cirrhosis
Bisphosphonates for Paget's disease of bone in adults
Bisphosphonates for preventing and treating osteoporosis in men
Bisphosphonates for prevention of bone loss in women with early breast cancer
Bisphosphonates for the relief of pain secondary to bone metastases
Bisphosphonates for treating osteoporosis caused by the use of steroids
Bisphosphonates in early prostate cancer
Bisphosphonates in multiple myeloma
Black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp.) for menopausal symptoms
Bladder training for treating overactive bladder in adults
Bladder training for urinary incontinence in adults
Blastocyst versus cleavage stage embryo transfer in assisted conception
Blind stretching or telescopic cutting versus open surgery for urethral narrowing in men
Blinded versus unblinded assessments of risk of bias in studies included in a systematic review
Blog - Retention to clinical trials: how can we keep participants involved?
Blonanserin versus risperidone for schizophrenia
Blood and urine tests for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis (sudden inflammation of pancreas)
Blood biomarkers for the non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis
Blood clotting analysers (TEG or ROTEM) versus any comparison to guide the use of blood products in adults or children with bleeding
Blood glucose target levels for critically ill adult patients
Blood pressure control for diabetic retinopathy
Blood pressure drugs for preventing stroke and cardiovascular diseases in patients with a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA)
Blood pressure lowering effect of diuretics as second line therapy for primary hypertension in crossover trials
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of aliskiren
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of calcium channel blockers for primary hypertension
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of calcium-channel blockers as second-line therapy for primary hypertension
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of clonidine for primary hypertension
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of drugs inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system as second-line therapy for primary hypertension
Blood pressure medication for kidney transplant recipients
Blood pressure targets for hypertension in older adults
Blood pressure targets for hypertension in people with chronic renal disease
Blood pressure targets in people with cardiovascular disease
Blood pressure targets in people with diabetes
Blood substitutes for avoiding allogeneic blood transfusion
Blood tests for the diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis (pancreatic destruction due to inflammation of pancreas)
Blood tests in late pregnancy to identify small babies and those at risk of stillbirth
Blood thinners for pulmonary hypertension
Blood thinners for the initial treatment of blood clots in people with cancer
Blood thinners for the long-term treatment of blood clots in people with cancer
Blood thinners for the prevention of blood clots in people with cancer undergoing surgery
Blood thinners in people with multiple myeloma
Blood thinners to prevent blood clots in people with cancer and central venous catheters
Blood transfusion for anaemia in patients with advanced cancer
Blood transfusion for treating malarial anaemia
Blood transfusion policies for sickle cell disease in pregnancy
Blood transfusions for people with sickle cell disease before they undergo surgery
Blood transfusions for treating acute chest syndrome in people with sickle cell disease
Blood transfusions in patients with heart problems requiring surgery on their heart
Blood-clot promoting drugs for acute traumatic injury
Blue versus white light for transurethral resection of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
Blue-light filtering spectacle lenses for visual performance, sleep, and macular health in adults
BMJ partners with Cochrane ​Clinical Answers​ to boost knowledge at the point of care
Body position and apnoea in the preterm infant
Body position and intake of fluids for preventing headache after a lumbar puncture
Body warming of people undergoing surgery to avoid complications and increase comfort after surgery
Bone grafts and bone substitutes for treating distal radial fractures in adults
Bone marrow cells in non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy
Bone-modifying agents for men with prostate cancer and bone metastases
Bone-modifying agents for the prevention of bone loss in women with early or locally advanced breast cancer: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Boosted protease inhibitor (PI) monotherapy for treating HIV/AIDS
Booster dose for preventing hepatitis B infection
Both hormone replacement therapy and danazol stop the loss of bone density that occurs when women take gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues for endometriosis
Botulinum A toxin for focal hand dystonia
Botulinum toxin A injections to treat the spastic hip in cerebral palsy
Botulinum toxin for adult spasticity after stroke or non-progressive brain lesion
Botulinum toxin for drooling in Parkinson’s disease
Botulinum toxin for motor and phonic tics
Botulinum toxin for people with involuntary posturing of the head
Botulinum toxin for shoulder pain
Botulinum toxin for subacute and chronic neck pain
Botulinum toxin for swallowing disorders
Botulinum toxin for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation
Botulinum toxin for the treatment of strabismus
Botulinum toxin injectable drug for myofascial pain syndrome (a painful condition that could affect any muscle in the body) in adults
Botulinum toxin injection for tennis elbow
Botulinum toxin injections as a treatment for low-back pain and sciatica
Botulinum toxin injections for preventing migraine in adults
Botulinum toxin injections for the treatment of spasmodic dysphonia
Botulinum toxin injections for unilateral involuntary contractions of facial muscles
Botulinum toxin injections into the bladder for overactive bladder syndrome in adults
Botulinum toxin type A for masseter hypertrophy
Botulinum toxin type A for people with involuntary eyelid closure, or blepharospasm
Botulinum toxin type A formulations in focal dystonias
Botulinum toxin type A injections for the treatment of lower limb spasticity in cerebral palsy
Bowel Preparation and Prokinetic Agents for Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy
Bowel preparation for colonoscopy
Bowel Preparation for Paediatric Colonoscopy
Braces and orthoses for osteoarthritis of the knee
Braces for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents
Bradykinin beta-2 receptor antagonists for traumatic brain injury
Brain imaging for diagnosing schizophrenia in people with first episode psychosis
Brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates
Brain scans for people with cerebral gliomas
Branched-chain amino acid supplementation for improving nutrition in term and preterm neonates
Branched-chain amino acids improve symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy
Brazil launches first-ever Cochrane Network
Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Breast cancer in female survivors of childhood, adolescent or young adult cancer after radiotherapy involving the chest for their primary malignancy
Breast examination during pregnancy for promoting breastfeeding
Breast milk expression during pregnancy by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes
Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Breast surgery for metastatic breast cancer
Breast-feeding is better, but using hydrolysed milk formula (instead of formulas based on cow's milk or soy) can help reduce the risk of some high-risk babies developing asthma
Breastfeeding education and support for women with multiple pregnancies
Breastfeeding for oral health in preschool children
Breastfeeding interventions for preventing postpartum depression
Breastfeeding or breast milk for procedural pain in neonates
Breastfeeding the newborn or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour
Breathing exercises for asthma
Breathing exercises for children with asthma
Breathing exercises for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Breathing exercises for dysfunctional breathing/hyperventilation syndrome
Breathing muscle training for people with bronchiectasis
Breathing support via a mask during exercise training for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Breathing training before surgery for reducing lung complications after surgery in adults undergoing heart and major abdominal surgery
Brexanolone and related neurosteroid GABA(A) positive allosteric modulators for postnatal depression
Brexpiprazole versus placebo for people with schizophrenia
Brexpiprazole versus placebo or other antidepressive agents for treating depression
Brief alcohol questionnaires for identifying hazardous, harmful and dependent alcohol use in primary care
Brief co-incubation of sperm and oocytes for in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques
Brief family intervention for schizophrenia
Brief interventions for heavy alcohol users admitted to general hospital wards
Brief teaching methods to improve contraceptive use among young people
Brief versus standard cognitive behavioural therapy for schizophrenia
Bright light therapy for sleep problems in adults aged 60+
Bringing together scientists, artists, and storytellers - Interview with Lifeology
Brivaracetam add-on therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy
Bromocriptine does not appear to increase pregnancy rates for women with unexplained subfertility
Bromocriptine for idiopathic oligo/asthenospermia
Bromocriptine for levodopa-induced motor complications in Parkinson's disease
Bromocriptine for type 2 diabetes mellitus
Bromocriptine versus levodopa in early Parkinson's disease
Bromocriptine/levodopa combined versus levodopa alone for early Parkinson's disease
Bronchial thermoplasty for people with asthma
Bronchodilators delivered by nebuliser versus inhalers for lung attacks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis for infants with first-time wheezing
Bronchodilators for the prevention and treatment of chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis
Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction procedures for moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors for chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Buccal or sublingual misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Budesonide at different doses for asthma
Budesonide for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Budesonide for treatment of people with active Crohn's disease.
Budesonide versus placebo for asthma
Buffered solutions versus 0.9% saline for resuscitation in critically ill adults and children
Buffered versus non-buffered fluids given to adults during surgery
Buflomedil for acute ischaemic stroke
Buflomedil for intermittent claudication
Building an effective sustainable organization: Goal 4 of Strategy to 2020
Built environment interventions for increasing physical activity in adults and children
Bulking agents, antispasmodics and antidepressants for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Buprenorphine for managing opioid withdrawal
Buprenorphine for neuropathic pain in adults
Buprenorphine for treating people with cancer pain
Buprenorphine maintenance versus placebo or methadone maintenance for opioid dependence
Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults
Bupropion versus other antidepressive agents for depression
Buteyko breathing for asthma
Bypass for primary percutaneous intervention or thrombolysis at the nearest hospital for patients suffering ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Bypass surgery for chronic lower limb ischaemia
C-reactive protein for diagnosing infection in newborn infants
Cabergoline for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Cabergoline versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
CAD/CAM versus traditional indirect methods in the fabrication of inlays, onlays, and crowns
Caesarean delivery for the second twin
Caesarean section for non-medical reasons at term
Caesarean section versus vaginal delivery for preterm birth for women with a single baby (not multiple birth)
Caesarean section versus vaginal delivery for preventing mother to infant hepatitis C virus transmission
Caffeine as an analgesic adjuvant for acute pain in adults
Caffeine dosing regimens in preterm infants with or at risk for apnea of prematurity
Caffeine for cognition
Caffeine for preventing injuries and errors in shift workers
Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
Calcimimetics for secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney disease patients
Calcineurin inhibitor minimisation, ie, reduction or withdrawal, versus continuation of calcineurin inhibitor treatment for liver transplant patients
Calcineurin inhibitor withdrawal or tapering for kidney transplant recipients
Calcitonin for preventing and treating corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
Calcitonin testing for detection of medullary thyroid cancer in patients with thyroid nodules
Calcitonin used to treat metastatic bone pain
Calcium and vitamin D for treating osteoporosis caused by the use of steroids
Calcium antagonists as an add-on therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy
Calcium antagonists for acute ischemic stroke
Calcium antagonists for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Calcium antagonists for unstable angina
Calcium channel blockers as medical expulsive therapy for ureteric stones
Calcium channel blockers can reduce the death of tubular cells in the kidney after a transplant operation
Calcium channel blockers for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Calcium channel blockers for inhibiting preterm labour and birth
Calcium channel blockers for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
Calcium channel blockers for potential impaired fetal growth
Calcium channel blockers for preventing heart dysfunction related with iron overload in transfusion-dependent beta thalassaemia
Calcium channel blockers for primary Raynaud's phenomenon
Calcium channel blockers for pulmonary arterial hypertension
Calcium channel blockers for treatment of patients with Raynaud’s phenomenon
Calcium channel blockers versus other classes of drugs for hypertension
Calcium channel blocking drugs for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Calcium for improving bone mineral density in children
Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing blood pressure disorders and related problems
Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
Calcium supplementation for weight reduction in overweight or obese people
Calcium, vitamin D or recombinant parathyroid hormone for managing post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism
Call for 'Expressions of Interest' to Join the Cochrane US Network now open
Call for nominations: Cochrane seeks two external members to join Board
Calling all Citizen Scientists! Join the CitSciMed Blitz!
Calorie-controlled diets for chronic asthma
Campaigning for Evidence: Sara Yaron - a patient's story
Campaigns to encourage children to wear cycle helmets
Can a first dose of whole-cell whooping cough vaccine given before six months old prevent allergic diseases in childhood?
Can additional chemotherapy after initial treatment for locally advanced stage cervical cancer reduce recurrence and extend life?
Can antibody induction therapy help to reduce organ rejection for lung transplant recipients?
Can apps be used for the delivery of survey questionnaires in public health and clinical research?
Can breathing support using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), given within the first hour of life, prevent death and illness in premature babies?
Can brief interventions delivered in schools reduce substance use among adolescents?
Can cannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonists help smokers to quit, and could they also reduce the amount of weight gained during the quitting process?
Can changing antipsychotic medication improve side effects like increases in weight, blood sugar and cholesterol?
Can cognitive behavioural therapy reduce harmful sexual behaviour in adolescents?
Can cognitive stimulation benefit people with dementia?
Can community interventions deter young people from starting to smoke?
Can community interventions reduce smoking among adults
Can community pharmacy interventions help improve pharmacy workers' skills and pharmacy users' health outcomes through health promotion?
Can cytokines and growth factors help prevent mouth soreness and ulcers (oral mucositis) in patients being treated for cancer?
Can day care programs for children under 6 years of age in low- to middle-income countries reduce their risk of drowning?
Can dental professionals help people to stop smoking or using tobacco products?
Can dihydrocodeine reduce illegal opiate use in adolescents and adults?
Can dopamine agonists prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in women undergoing fertility treatment with IVF or ICSI?
Can electronic cigarettes help people stop smoking, and do they have any unwanted effects when used for this purpose?
Can ethical case interventions improve healthcare?
Can exenatide, a diabetes drug, be used to treat Parkinson's disease?
Can exercise give better results after spinal surgery for spinal stenosis?
Can exercise help people quit smoking?
Can exercise interventions enhance health-related quality of life among cancer survivors?
Can exercise interventions enhance health-related quality of life among people with cancer undergoing active treatment?
Can exercise, for women with gestational diabetes, improve outcomes for mother and her baby?
Can exercising before vaccination reduce numbers of adults who get flu or develop complications?
Can exhaled nitric oxide be used to adjust asthma medications in children with asthma?
Can health care providers who are not doctors perform abortions as well as doctors?
Can illegal cigarette sales to underage youth be prevented, and does it change their smoking behaviour
Can individual caseworker-assigned discharge plans reduce readmissions for acute exacerbations in children with chronic respiratory disease?
Can inserting a cervical stitch prevent early births of single babies?
Can international travel-related control measures contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic?
Can Internet-based interventions help people to stop smoking? 
Can interventions for parents and people caring for children reduce children's exposure to tobacco smoke?

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