Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic low-back pain

To determine the effectiveness of TENS in the management of chronic LBP. We will compare TENS (either alone or in combination with another treatment) to placebo, no treatment, or other interventions for chronic LBP and evaluate outcomes in terms of pain intensity, back-specific functional status, general health, work disability, and patient satisfaction. A secondary objective is to determine the most effective dosage and intensity of TENS for chronic LBP.

This is a protocol.