Pelvic floor muscle training versus other active treatments for urinary incontinence in women

To determine the effects of pelvic floor muscle training against other single treatment modalities in the management of female urinary (stress, mixed, urgency) incontinence.

We will make the following comparisons:

  1. PFMT versus lifestyle intervention, based on structured and supervised programme;
  2. PFMT versus weighted vaginal cones;
  3. PFMT versus mechanical intervention (e.g. pessary);
  4. PFMT versus behavioural and psychological therapy (e.g. bladder training with the characteristic scheduled voiding regimen);
  5. PFMT versus non-invasive electrical or magnetic stimulation (we will exclude trials that involve the use of implantable electrodes);
  6. PFMT versus drug therapy;
  7. PFMT versus surgery;
  8. PFMT versus any other stand-alone active treatment as reported by individual trials.

This is a protocol.