Cochrane Library release Special Collection on diagnosing tuberculosis
World Tuberculosis Day is marked annual on 24 March as it commemorates the date in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced his discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacillus that causes tuberculosis (TB).
Tuberculosis (TB) causes more deaths globally than any other infectious disease and is a top 10 cause of death worldwide. When it is detected early and effectively treated, TB is largely curable, but in 2017, around 1.6 million people died of tuberculosis, including 300,000 people living with HIV. Early diagnosis of TB, including universal drug susceptibility testing and systematic screening of contacts and high-risk groups, is a pillar of the World Health Organization (WHO) "End TB" strategy.
The Cochrane Library has released a Special Collection, curated by Cochrane contributors, includes Cochrane Reviews from the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group and other systematic reviews from other international teams. It highlights how Cochrane evidence contributes within a wider landscape of TB evidence and guidelines. The Collection also describes key WHO guidelines on TB diagnostics, and their underpinning systematic reviews, some which are published within the WHO Guideline itself.
This Special Collection covers:
- Early detection of TB
- Diagnosis of active TB disease and TB drug resistance
- Diagnosis of TB in people living with HIV
- Diagnosis of TB in children
- Diagnosis of latent TB infection