新闻与工作

  • Featured Review: Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents
    Supervised regular use of fluoride mouthwash by children and adolescents is associated with a large reduction in tooth decay in permanent teethPodcast on this Review available
    Tooth decay is a health problem worldwide, affecting the vast majority of adults and children. Repair and replacement of decayed teeth is costly in terms of time and...
    15 九月 2016
  • Conclusions about effects of electronic cigarettes remain unchanged
    An updated Cochrane Review provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking.Scroll to the bottom of this article for a round-up of media coverageThe conclusions of this updated Review are unchanged since the last review was published two years ago: electronic...
    14 九月 2016
  • Medical Library Association recognizes work of Cochrane contributors
    Best Research Paper at MOSAIC 2016 conference awarded to paper which contributed to more randomized control trials being made available to Cochrane authors

    The paper ‘Improving Access to Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) in Embase: Innovative Methods Enhance the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)’ was...
    13 九月 2016
  • Featured Review: Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
    Cochrane evidence supports the use of kangaroo care in stabilized low birthweight infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal careConventional neonatal care of low birthweight infants (< 2500 g) is expensive and requires both highly skilled personnel and logistical support. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been proposed as an alternative...
    9 九月 2016
  • High quality evidence suggests Vitamin D can reduce asthma attacks
    A new Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library has found evidence from randomized trials that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks.Scroll to the bottom of this article for a round-up of media coverageAsthma is a common chronic disease, affecting about 300...
    6 九月 2016
  • The impact of Cochrane evidence on xylitol for preventing caries
    For more than 20 years, Cochrane has produced systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy. We are internationally recognized as the highest standard in evidence-based healthcare resources.The Cochrane Review 'Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adults', published in March 2015...
    31 八月 2016
  • Cochrane Feature Reviews for August 2016
    An overview of the featured Cochrane Reviews for  August 2016.Featured Review: Interventions to reduce corruption in the health sector

    Scarce evidence, but pointers to promising strategies to fight corruption in health care. 
    Featured Review: Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly

    Lack of good research on...
    30 八月 2016
  • Download, share, and print Cochrane’s Migrant Health Flyer

    A Cochrane Library Special Collection, developed in conjunction with Evidence Aid, brings together Cochrane Reviews addressing health conditions relevant to refugees and asylum seekers.This Special Collection presents systematic reviews on health conditions relevant for...
    29 八月 2016
  • Cochrane in the news: August 2016
    A round-up of selected recent media coverage citing, discussing, and presenting health evidence - updated throughout the month.  'Surprisingly Little Evidence for the Usual Wisdom About Teeth' in The New York Times rounds up oral health evidence - with Cochrane Reviews in the spotlight.
      'Testing government policies first means we spend...
    29 八月 2016
  • Cochrane 2015 Annual Review now available
    Cochrane's 2015 Annual Review is now available. The 2015 Review features updates from the Steering Group Co-Chairs, the CEO, and the Editor in Chief, as well as achievements from 2015 and plans for 2016. Get the latest updates on Strategy to 2020, our financial standing, and our geographical reach. Read more about how Cochrane Reviews are making a...
    23 八月 2016
  • Cochrane Nutrition Field established in South Africa
    Cochrane Nutrition's vision is to make Cochrane the independent, globally recognized go-to place for nutrition systematic reviewsCochrane is delighted to announce the establishment of the Cochrane Nutrition Field (Cochrane Nutrition), under the leadership of Cochrane South Africa (SA), the South African Medical Research Council, and the Centre for...
    22 八月 2016
  • Featured Review: Interventions to reduce corruption in the health sector
    Scarce evidence, but pointers to promising strategies to fight corruption in  health care

    Corruption can occur in any area of the health sector, and happens when people abuse their own position to benefit themselves, their organization, or other people close to them. It can take many forms, including bribes, theft, or giving incorrect or...
    18 八月 2016
  • Lack of good research on which programs or strategies are useful in preventing or reducing elder abuse
    Lack of good research on which programs or strategies are useful in preventing or reducing elder abuse

    The maltreatment of older people, also known as elder abuse, is a global problem, affecting large numbers of people worldwide. It’s a single or repeated act and, although it may be caused by employed carers, the abuse is more commonly...
    16 八月 2016
  • Feature Review: Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
    Are there benefits of offering music interventions as a complementary treatment to people with cancer?Cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical, and social suffering. Current cancer care increasingly incorporates psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life. Music therapy and music medicine interventions have been used to...
    15 八月 2016
  • Featured Review: Sun protection to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
    One randomized trial has been done to date that compares different ways of using sunscreen and physical barrier methods to protect against common non-melanoma skin cancers. The quality of evidence to date is low, but the review team urge caution in changing behaviour on the basis of the review findings.

    Keratinocyte cancer is a more...
    12 八月 2016
  • Feature Review: Xylitol sugar supplement for preventing middle ear infection in children
    Chewing gum, lozenges, or syrup with xylitol can reduce the occurrence of middle ear infection among healthy children from 30% to 22%.Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial infection among young children in the United States. AOM creates a thick of sticky fluid behind the eardrum in the middle ear with a rapid onset of ear pain,...
    10 八月 2016
  • Cochrane Evidence for Athletes
    We have rounded up Cochrane evidence to help support athletes seeking to win a gold medal …and for everyone that is inspired to get active!Cryotherapy: does it work and is it safe?Injection treatments for Achilles tendinopathyKnee orthoses for patellofemoral pain syndromeRubefacients for musculoskeletal painStretching -does it reduce muscle...
    8 八月 2016
  • Why publish a systematic review in Cochrane?
    Study offers insight on factors influencing choice of publication in Cochrane and non-Cochrane sources.

    New evidence published in BioMed Central’s Systematic Reviews provides some insights into authors’ experiences preparing and publishing systematic reviews, as well as factors that influence choice of publication arena, specifically...
    4 八月 2016
  • Tianjing Li and Julian Higgins recognized for their important contributions.
    Tianjing Li and Julian Higgins recognized for their important contributions. The Society for Research Synthesis Methodology supports and promotes the development and use of innovative and robust methods of research synthesis. At their 2016 Annual Meeting, held in Florence, Italy from 11-13 July, the Society recognized the important contributions...
    27 七月 2016
  • Suite of Cochrane Reviews on chronic rhinosinusitis
    Authors working with the Cochrane ENT Group recently published six reviews which look at the evidence around different treatment options for chronic rhinosinusitis.Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common condition that is defined as inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses (a group of air-filled spaces behind the nose, eyes, and cheeks). Patients...
    26 七月 2016

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