6441 search results
UpdatedCochrane EvidencePublished 24 Nov 2015
Early developmental intervention programmes provided post hospital discharge to prevent motor and cognitive impairment in preterm infantsReview question: In preterm infants, do early developmental intervention programmes provided post hospital discharge compared with standard medical follow-up better improve cognitive and motor development at infancy (zero to < three years), preschool age (three to < five years), school age (five to < 18 years) and adulthood (≥ 18 years)? Background: ...
UpdatedCochrane EvidencePublished 23 Nov 2015
Aminophylline for cardiac arrestAminophylline is a drug that might help resuscitate patients in cardiac arrest when electrical activity is very slow or absent. Aminophylline may restore blood flow to the heart, improve electrical activity and make other drugs used in resuscitation more effective. We found five studies that included 1254 patients who had this type of cardiac arrest ...
NewCochrane EvidencePublished 23 Nov 2015
Replacing heparin with saline to prevent complications in long term central venous catheters in childrenBackground A central venous catheter (CVC) is a long, thin, flexible tube which is inserted into a large central vein. This enables access to the blood stream for people with serious medical conditions to receive medications and fluids, as well as the collection of blood specimens. Long term central venous catheters are used to access the blood system ...
Cochrane EvidencePublished 8 Jul 2009
Addition of long-acting beta-agonists to inhaled corticosteroids for chronic asthma in childrenMost consensus statements recommend the use of long-acting ß2-agonists (LABA) as adjunct therapy to inhaled corticosteroids for poorly controlled asthma. The purpose of this review was to identify the benefits and safety profile of adding long-acting ß2-agonists to inhaled corticosteroids in asthmatic children. Based on the identified paediatric randomised ...
Cochrane EvidencePublished 16 Jun 2010
Several antibiotic agents, including metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and rifaximin, as well as oral probiotics, may be effective treatments for pouchitis.Some patients with ulcerative colitis have their colon and rectum removed with construction of a reservoir or pouch (made from a loop of small intestine) to serve in place of the rectum. This is known as an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) surgery. Pouchitis is acute inflammation of the surgically constructed pouch which may cause diarrhea and other ...
Cochrane EvidencePublished 30 Apr 2013
Amphotericin B deoxycholate versus liposomal amphotericin B: effects on kidney functionProtocol: This review aims to assess the effects of amphotericin B deoxycholate versus liposomal amphotericin B on kidney function.
UpdatedCochrane EvidencePublished 22 Nov 2015
Airway clearance techniques in bronchiectasisBottom line: We reviewed the evidence to determine whether airway clearance techniques (ACTs) are helpful for people with bronchiectasis. The sparse data that we found suggest that their effect on the number of exacerbations (flare-ups) is unknown. Airway clearance techniques seem to be safe, and two small studies indicate that they may improve quality ...
UpdatedCochrane EvidencePublished 21 Nov 2015
Diuretics for transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN)Review question: Does diuretic treatment reduce the duration of oxygen therapy and respiratory symptoms and shorten hospital stay in term infants presenting with the clinical syndrome of transient tachypnoea of the newborn? Background: It is common for full-term infants born by elective caesarean section to have laboured, rapid breathing (tachypnoea) ...
NewsPublished 20 Nov 2015
Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancyIn low- and middle-income countries, many women have poor diets and are deficient in nutrients and micronutrients which are required for good health. Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are needed by the body in very small quantities but are imp ...
NewCochrane EvidencePublished 20 Nov 2015
Culture media for human pre-implantation embryos for in assisted reproductive technology cyclesReview question: What is the impact of different human embryo culture media in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, with regard to live birth or ongoing pregnancy and adverse events? Background: Embryo culture refers to the culture of human gametes and embryos during in vitro fertilisation ...