Featured Reviews and Press Releases

  •  Reposted with permission from Cochrane AustraliaFor many women with breast cancer, the use of post-operative radiotherapy will allow them to undergo less extensive surgery. In mid-July, Brisbane-based Radiation Oncologist Brigid Hickey and colleagues from Australia and New Zealand published two review updates that consider critical questions...
    26 September 2016
  • Featured Review: Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing tooth decay in children and adolescents
    Supervised regular use of fluoride mouthwash by children and adolescents is associated with a large reduction in tooth decay in permanent teethPodcast on this Review availableTooth decay is a health problem worldwide, affecting the vast majority of adults and children. Repair and replacement of decayed teeth is costly in terms of time and money,...
    15 September 2016
  • Conclusions about effects of electronic cigarettes remain unchanged
    An updated Cochrane Review provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking.Scroll to the bottom of this article for a round-up of media coverageThe conclusions of this updated Review are unchanged since the last review was published two years ago: electronic...
    14 September 2016
  • Featured Review: Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
    Cochrane evidence supports the use of kangaroo care in stabilized low birthweight infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal careConventional neonatal care of low birthweight infants (< 2500 g) is expensive and requires both highly skilled personnel and logistical support. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been proposed as an alternative...
    9 September 2016
  • High quality evidence suggests Vitamin D can reduce asthma attacks
    A new Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library has found evidence from randomized trials that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks.Scroll to the bottom of this article for a round-up of media coverageAsthma is a common chronic disease, affecting about 300...
    6 September 2016
  • Featured Review: Interventions to reduce corruption in the health sector
    Scarce evidence, but pointers to promising strategies to fight corruption in  health careCorruption can occur in any area of the health sector, and happens when people abuse their own position to benefit themselves, their organization, or other people close to them. It can take many forms, including bribes, theft, or giving incorrect or inaccurate...
    18 August 2016
  • Lack of good research on which programs or strategies are useful in preventing or reducing elder abuse
    Lack of good research on which programs or strategies are useful in preventing or reducing elder abuseThe maltreatment of older people, also known as elder abuse, is a global problem, affecting large numbers of people worldwide. It’s a single or repeated act and, although it may be caused by employed carers, the abuse is more commonly committed by...
    16 August 2016
  • Feature Review: Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
    Are there benefits of offering music interventions as a complementary treatment to people with cancer?Cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical, and social suffering. Current cancer care increasingly incorporates psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life. Music therapy and music medicine interventions have been used to...
    15 August 2016
  • Featured Review: Sun protection to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
    One randomized trial has been done to date that compares different ways of using sunscreen and physical barrier methods to protect against common non-melanoma skin cancers. The quality of evidence to date is low, but the review team urge caution in changing behaviour on the basis of the review findings. Keratinocyte cancer is a more common but...
    12 August 2016
  • Feature Review: Xylitol sugar supplement for preventing middle ear infection in children
    Chewing gum, lozenges, or syrup with xylitol can reduce the occurrence of middle ear infection among healthy children from 30% to 22%.Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial infection among young children in the United States. AOM creates a thick of sticky fluid behind the eardrum in the middle ear with a rapid onset of ear pain,...
    10 August 2016

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