Literature searching

This selection of resources does not aim to be comprehensive, but it is updated regularly, and we welcome suggestions for additions at web@cochrane.org.

Books

Booth A, Brice A, editors. Evidence-based practice for information professionals. A handbook. London: Facet Publishing, 2004.

McKibbon A. PDQ: evidence-based principles and practice. Hamilton: Decker, 1999.

Stave CD. Field guide to Medline: making searching simple. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003.

Online

SuReInfo - Summarized Research in Information Retrieval for HTA: a web resource providing research-based information relating to the information retrieval aspects of producing systematic reviews and health technology assessments; curated by the SuRe Info project team, a international group of experts in research-based information retrieval practice.

Articles

Bachmann LM, Coray R, Estermann P, Ter Riet G. Identifying diagnostic studies in MEDLINE: reducing the number needed to read. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002; 9(6):653-8.

Bachmann LM, Estermann P, Kronenberg C, Ter Riet G. Identifying diagnostic accuracy studies in EMBASE. J Med Libr Assoc 2003; 91(3):341-6.

Booth A. Unpacking your literature search toolbox: on search styles and tactics. Health Information & Libraries Journal Volume 25, 2008, p 313-317.

Booth A. "Brimful of STARLITE’’: toward standards for reporting literature searches. J Med Libr Assoc, 2006; 94(4):421-429

Chang AA, MD, Heskett KM, MSI, Davidson TM, MD. Searching the Literature Using Medical Subject Headings versus Text Word with PubMed. Laryngoscope 2006;  116(2):336-40.

Crumley ET, Wiebe N, Cramer K, Klassen TP, Hartling L. Which resources should be used to identify RCT/CCTs for systematic reviews: a systematic review. BMC Med Res Methodol 2005; 5:24

Day D, Furlan A, Irvin E,  Bombardier C. Simplified search strategies were effective in identifying clinical trials of pharmaceuticals and physical modalities. J Clin Epidemiol 2005; 58(9):874-81.

Doust JA, Pietrzak E, Sanders S, Glasziou PP. Identifying studies for systematic reviews of diagnostic tests was difficult due to the poor sensitivity and precision of methodologic filters and the lack of information in the abstract. J Clin Epidemiol 2005; 58(5):444-9.

Egger M, Juni P, Bartlett C, Holenstein F, Sterne J. How important are comprehensive literature searches and the assessment of trial quality in systematic reviews? Empirical study. Health Technol Assess. 2003;7(1):1-76.

Fraser C, Murray A, Burr J. Identifying observational studies of surgical interventions in Medline and Embase. BMC Med Res Methodol 2006; 6(1):41.

Furlan AD, Irvin E, Bombardier C. Limited search strategies were effective in finding relevant nonrandomized studies. J Clin Epidemiol 2006; 59(12):1303-11.

Glanville J, et al. So many filters, so little time: the development of a search filter appraisal checklist. J Med Libr Assoc. 2008; October; 96(4): 356–361

Glanville JM, Lefebvre C, Miles JN, Camosso-Stefinovic J. How to identify randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE: ten years on. J Med Libr Assoc 2006; 94(2):130-6.

Golder S. Developing efficient search strategies to identify reports of adverse effects in Medline and Embase . Health Information & Libraries Journal 2006; 23(1):3-12.

Haynes RB, McKibbon KA, Wilczynski NL, Walter SD, Werre SR. Optimal search strategies for retrieving scientifically strong studies of treatment from Medline: analytical survey. BMJ 2005; 330(7501):1179.

Haynes RB, Wilczynski NL. Optimal search strategies for retrieving scientifically strong studies of diagnosis from Medline: analytical survey. BMJ 2004; 328(7447):1040.

Hopewell S, Clarke M, Lefebvre C, Scherer R. Handsearching versus electronic searching to identify reports of randomized trials. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007; (2):MR000001.

Leeflang MM, Scholten RJ, Rutjes AW, Reitsma JB, Bossuyt PM. Use of methodological search filters to identify diagnostic accuracy studies can lead to the omission of relevant studies. J Clin Epidemiol 2006; 59(3):234-40.

Lemeshow AR, Blum RE, Berlin JA, Stoto MA, Colditz GA. Searching one or two databases was insufficient for meta-analysis of observational studies. J Clin Epidemiol 2005; 58(9):867-73.

McGowan J, Sampson M. Systematic reviews need systematic searchers. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005 Jan;93(1):74-80.

McKinlay RJ, Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB, the Hedges Team. Optimal search strategies for detecting cost and economic studies in EMBASE. BMC Health Services Research. 2006; 6:67.

Montori VM, Wilczynski NL, Morgan D, Haynes RB. Optimal search strategies for retrieving systematic reviews from Medline: analytical survey. BMJ 2005; 330(7482):68.

Motschall E, Falck-Ytter Y. Searching the MEDLINE Literature Database through PubMed: A Short Guide. Onkologie. 2005;28:517-22

Neely JG, Paniello RC, Fraley PL et al. Practical guide when searching for answers: How to find the right articles. Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2007; 137(1):5-9.

Ogilvie D, Hamilton V, Egan M, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health effects of social interventions: 1. Finding the evidence: how far should you go? J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59(9):804-8.

Royle P, Bain L, Waugh N. Systematic reviews of epidemiology in diabetes: finding the evidence. BMC Med Res Methodol 2005; 5(1):2.

Royle P, Milne R. Literature searching for randomized controlled trials used in Cochrane reviews: rapid versus exhaustive searches. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 2003; 19(4):591-603.

Royle P, Waugh N. A simplified search strategy for identifying randomised controlled trials for systematic reviews of health care interventions: a comparison with more exhaustive strategies. BMC Med Res Methodol 2005; 5:23.

Royle PL, Waugh NR. Making literature searches easier: a rapid and sensitive search filter for retrieving randomized controlled trials from PubMed. Diabet Med 2007; 24(3):308-11.

Sampson M, Barrowman NJ, Moher D et al. Should meta-analysts search Embase in addition to Medline? J Clin Epidemiol 2003; 56(10):943-55.

Sampson M., McGowan J. Errors in search strategies were identified by type and frequency. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2006; 59:1057-63.

Schardt C, Adams MB, Owens T, Keitz S, Fontelo P. Utilization of the PICO framework to improve searching PubMed for clinical questions. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2007; 7:16.

Sladek RM, Tieman J, Currow DC. Improving search filter development: a study of palliative care literature. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2007; 7:18.

Walters LA, Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. Developing Optimal Search Strategies for Retrieving Clinically Relevant Qualitative Studies in EMBASE. Qualitative Health Research 2006; 16(1):162-8.

Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound prognostic studies in MEDLINE: an analytic survey. BMC Med 2004; 2(1):23.

Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. EMBASE search strategies achieved high sensitivity and specificity for retrieving methodologically sound systematic reviews. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2007; 60(1):29-33.

Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. Optimal Search Strategies for Detecting Clinically Sound Prognostic Studies in EMBASE: An Analytic Survey. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2005; 12(4):481-5.

Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB, Team Hedges. Optimal search strategies for identifying mental health content in MEDLINE: an analytic survey. Annals of General Psychiatry.  5:4, 2006; 5:4.

Wilczynski NL, Morgan D, Haynes RB. An overview of the design and methods for retrieving high-quality studies for clinical care. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2005; 5:20.

Wilczynski NL, Haynes R, Brian et al. Optimal search strategies for detecting health services research studies in MEDLINE. CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2004; 171(10):1179-85.

Wilkins T. EMBASE versus MEDLINE for family medicine searches. Can Fam Physician 2005; 51:848-9.

Windish DM, Huot SJ, Green ML. Medicine Residents' Understanding of the Biostatistics and Results in the Medical Literature. JAMA. 2007;298(9):1010-22.

Wong SS, Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound treatment studies in EMBASE. Journal of the Medical Library Association 2006; 94(1):41-7.

 

Series in the Annals Emergency Medicine: “How to find evidence when you need it”

Corrall CJ, Wyer PC, Zick LS, Bockrath CR. How to find evidence when you need it, part 1: databases, search programs, and strategies. Ann Emerg Med 2002; 39(3):302-6.

Gallagher PE, Allen TY, Wyer PC. How to find evidence when you need it, part 2: a clinician's guide to MEDLINE: the basics. Ann Emerg Med 2002; 39(4):436-40.

Gallagher PE, Allen TY, Wyer PC. How to find evidence when you need it, part 3: a clinician's guide to MEDLINE: tricks and special skills. Ann Emerg Med 2002; 39(5):547-51.

Wyer PC, Allen TY, Corrall CJ. How to find evidence when you need it, part 4: Matching clinical questions to appropriate databases. Ann Emerg Med 2003; 42(1):136-49.

Updated on: September 6, 2013, 10:36

Comments for improvement or correction are welcome.
Email: web@cochrane.org