Endotracheal intubation versus face mask for newborns resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation at birth

In newly born infants resuscitated with intermittent positive pressure ventilation, does PPV via an endotracheal tube as compared to a face mask reduce mortality and morbidity?

Planned subgroup analyses:

  • gestational age: term (37 weeks gestation and above), preterm (less than 37 weeks) infants
  • professional category or experience of resuscitator

This is a protocol.